Book 1综合练习


Test 1参考答案

I. Vocabulary and Grammar. (10%)
Direction: There are 10 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
1.  Would you please _________ from smoking while the lecture is in progress?
A. avoid           B. refrain          C. keep          D. stop

2.  A winter ________ technique in mammals is a slowing of the physiological processes, including reduction of body temperature.
A. continuation      B. endurance         C. existence      D. survival

3.   Computers can help students __________ objects that are difficult or impossible to view, such as human anatomy, molecular structures, or complex geometrical objects.
A. dramatize          B. visualize            C. realize        D. organize

4.   Beginning from the 1960s in the West, more and more women with children have joined the work force, and the popularity of preschool educational programs has _______ increased.
A. fixedly              B. regularly           C. stably        D. steadily

5.   The famous fashion designer predicted that this king of mode would still ________ next year.
A. prevent          B. preview          C. prevail          D. promote

6. Be careful while crossing the street. Don’t forget _____ over by a bike the other day.
A. to knock     B. to be knocked   C. being knocked    D. to have knocked

7. I hope _____ that was involved in that accident this morning was all right.
A. anyone        B. none          C. whoever      D. who

8. Although he was badly hurt, he _____ explain what had happened.
A. could       B. might       C. was able to      D. could not

9. Rosa didn’t remember the exact date of the storm, but she knew it was _____ Sunday because everybody was at _____ church.
A. /…the       B. a…/        C. /…a            D. the…/

10. _____ you are blind, you will not miss the astonishing changes taking place in Shanghai.
A. Although     B. If        C. Since       D. Unless
II. Cloze. (15%)
Direction: Decide which of the choice given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
Many students find the experience of attending university lectures to be a confusing and frustrating experience.
The lecturer speaks for one or two hours, perhaps illustrating the talk with slides, writing up important information on the blackboard, distributing reading material and giving out __1 __.
The new student sees the other students continuously writing on notebooks and __2__ what to write.
Very often the student leaves the lecture __3__ notes which do not catch the main points and __4__ become hard even for the __5__ to understand.
Most institutions provide courses which __6__ new students to develop the skills they need to be __7__ listeners and note-takers.
__8__ these are unavailable, there are many useful study-skills guides which __9__ learners to practice these skills __10__ .
In all cases it is important to __11__ the problem __12__ actually starting your studies.
It is important to __13__ that most students have difficulty in acquiring the language skills __14__ in college study.
One way of __15__ these difficulties is to attend the language and study-skills classes which most institutions provide throughout the academic year.
Another basic strategy is to find a study partner with whom it is possible to identify difficulties, exchange ideas and provide support.


B information

C. content

D. definition


B. understands

C. wonders

D. convinces


B. with

C. on

D. except


B. those

C. as

D. which


B. classmates

C. partners

D. students


B require

C. assist

D. forbid


B. passive

C. relative

D. expressive


B. Though

C. Whether

D. If


B. stimulate

C. advocate

D. prevent


B .repeatedly

C. logically

D. generally


B. acquaint

C. tackle

D. formulate


B. after

C. while

D. for


B. acknowledge

C. argue

D. ignore require

B. required

C. requiring

D. are required


B. withstanding

C. sustaining

D. overcoming

III. Reading comprehension (30%)
Direction: In this section there are three passages followed by 15 questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet.

Passage one

In the United States, it is very important to be on time, or punctual, for an appointment, a class, a meeting, etc. However, this may not be true in all countries. An American professor discovered this difference while teaching a class in a Brazilian university. The two-hour class was scheduled to begin at 10 A.M. and end at 12. On the first day, when the professor arrived on time, no one was in the classroom. Many students came after 10 A.M. Several arrived after 10:30 A.M. Two students came after 11 A.M. Although all the students greeted the professor as they arrived, few apologized for their lateness. Were these students being rude? He decided to study the students' behavior.
The professor talked to American and Brazilian students about lateness in both an informal and a formal situation: at a lunch with a friend and in a university class, respectively. He gave them an example and asked them how they would react. If they had a lunch appointment with a friend, the average American student defined lateness as 19 minutes after the agreed time. On the other hand, the average Brazilian student felt the friend was late after 33 minutes.
In an American university, students are expected to arrive at the appointed hour. In contrast, in Brazil, neither the teacher nor the students always arrive at the appointed hour. Classes not only begin at the scheduled time in the United States, but also end at the scheduled time. In the Brazilian class, only a few students left the class at 12:00;many remained past 12:30 to discuss the class and ask more questions. While arriving late may not be very important in Brazil, neither is staying late.

1. The word "punctual" most probably means ________.
A.  leaving soon after class
B.  coming early
C.  arriving a few minutes late
D.  being on time

2. Why did the professor study the Brazilian students' behavior?
A.  He felt puzzled at the students' being late.
B.  He felt angry at the students' rudeness.
C.  He wanted to make the students come on time later.
D.  He wanted to collect data for one of his studies.

3. It can be inferred from the professor's study of lateness in the informal situation that ________.
A.  American students will become impatient if their friend is five minutes late
B.  neither Brazilian nor American students like being late in social gatherings
C.  being late in one culture may not be considered so in another culture
D.  Brazilian students will not come thirty-three minutes after the agreed time

4. From the last paragraph we know that in Brazil ________.
A.  it is important to arrive at the appointed time
B.  it is rude to keep the professor staying after class
C.  it is normal for students to leave during lectures
D.  it is acceptable for professors to be late for class

5. What is the main idea of this passage?
A.  It is important to be on time for class in the United States.
B.  The important of being on time differs among cultures.
C.  People learn the importance of time from the culture they are in.
D.  Students being late for class should explain the reason to their teacher.

Passage Two

Normally a student must attend a certain number of courses in order to graduate, and each course which he attends gives him a credit which he may count towards a degree. In many American universities the total work for a degree consists of thirty-six courses each lasting for one semester. A typical course consists of three classes per week for fifteen weeks; while attending a university a student will probably attend four or five courses during each semester. Normally a student would expect to take four years attending two semesters each year. It is possible to spread the period of work for the degree over a longer period. It is also possible for a student to move between one university and another during his degree course, though this is not in fact done as a regular practice. For every course that he follows a student is given a grade, which is recorded, and the record is available for the student to show to prospective employers.
All this imposes a constant pressure and strain of work, but in spite of this some students still find time for great activity in student affairs. Elections to positions in student organizations arouse much enthusiasm. The effective work of maintaining discipline is usually performed by students who advise the academic authorities. Any student who is thought to have broken the rules, for example, by cheating has to appear before a student court. With the enormous numbers of students, the operation of the system does involve a certain amount of activity. A student who has held one of these positions of authority is much respected and it will be of benefit to him later in his career.

6. Normally a student would at least attend ____ classes each week.
A. 36       B. 12        C. 20         D. 15

7. According to the first paragraph, an American student is allowed ____.
A. to live in a different university 
B. to take a particular course in a different university
C. to live at home and drive to classes 
D. to get two degrees from two different universities 

8. American university students are usually under pressure of work because ____. 
A. their academic performance will affect their future careers
B. they are heavily involved in student affairs
C. they have to run for positions of authority
D. they have to attend a lot of classes

9. Some students are enthusiastic for positions in student organizations
probably because ____.
A. they hate the constant pressure and strain of their study
B. they will then be able to stay longer in the university
C. such positions help them get better jobs
D. such positions are usually well paid

10. The student organizations seem to be effective in ____. 
A. dealing with the academic affairs of the university
B. ensuring that the students observe university regulations
C. evaluating students' performance by bringing them before a court
D. keeping up the students' enthusiasm for social activities

Passage Three

The Industrial Revolution in Britain first began in the textile industry. England had been a major producer of wool for centuries. Ever since the enclosures, wool and then woolen cloth had been the principal exports of England. And cloth-making, though a domestic industry in the early years, had the characteristic of capitalist production which separated the employer from the employee and introduced the division of labour, such as carding, spinning, weaving, fulling and dyeing. With the expansion of market, the demand for cloth also increased. But a spinner with a distaff could only make one thread at a time. The short supply of yarn became the main obstacle to mass production of cloth. The general effort to improve thread-making techniques led to the invention of spinning Jenny in 1764, by the English spinner Hargreaves. The new instrument enabled a singly workman to spin eight or ten threads at once. A year later, Richard Arkwright, a barber, patented a device for drawing out thread by means of rollers. Then in 1779, Samual Crompton drew on these two new devices and invented a new kind of spinning machine known as the mule. It greatly accelerated the speed of production and improved the quality of thread. Then Arkwright established a great factory by applying power-driven mules and became known as Father of Factory System in England.
By the end of the 18th Century, power-driven machines spinning two hundred threads simultaneously had been introduced in production.

11. What was the most important export of England before the revolution?
A. Wool cloth. 
B. Wool and woolen cloth.
C. Spinning machines.
D. Power-driven machines.

12. Capitalist production was characterized by ____.
A. the separation of the employer from the employee
B. the division of labour 
C. both A and B
D. the expansion of market

13. Which of the following is NOT TRUE?
A. Hargreaves invented the spinning Jenny.
B. Arkwright patented a device for drawing out thread by means of rollers and thus was called Father of Factory System in England.
C. Samual Crompton invented the spinning machine mule.
D. By the end of the 18th century, power-driven spinning machines could produce two hundred threads simultaneously.

14. "Simultaneously" in the last sentence means ____.
A. at the same time              B. together 
C. at a time                         D. altogether

15. This passage can best be titled ____. 
A. Process of the Industrial Revolution
B. Beginning of the Industrial Revolution
C. What led to the Industrial Revolution 
D. Effects of the Industrial Revolution

IV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. (10%)

note   hoarse   bring back   whisper
gracefully   happily   shudder

  1. My voice has become ____ since I began to have a sore throat.
  2. All library books must be ____ before the end of the term.
  3. The leaves of the trees were ____ in the wind.
  4. Already in her fifties, she danced ____ on the stage last night, attracting a large audience, who clapped their hands several times.
  5. His high school report ____ that he was brilliant in all science subjects.


V. Word Formation. (10%)
Direction: Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given word in the bracket.
1. He gave us the            that he would give up drinking. (assure)
2.            of what is happening in the outside world, the farmers in this mountain village live a quiet and peaceful life. (ignore)
3. It was             of the college student to try and save the drowning child. (courage)
4. Women have yet to achieve full            with men in the work-place. (equal)
5. It is            possible for computers to be programmed to think like humans. (theory)
VI. Translation. (25’)
Directions: Translate each of the following sentences into English.
1.  他这次考试失败使他意识到定期复习功课是多么重要。

  1. 现在,足球不再仅仅是一种娱乐性的运动,而且还是现代文化、经济和社会活动的一个载体.
  2. 中国的假日经济始于1999年第一个为期七天的国庆假期。统计数据表明,假日经济是一个新兴的发展领域。
  3. 在当今时代,人们越来越多地依靠计算机来解决各种各样的难题。
  4. 既然准时是个好习惯,我们应该十分注意准时,努力养成这种好习惯。


Key to paper 1:
Part I:
1-5: BDBDC       6-10: CCCBD 

Part II:
1-5: ACBDD    6-10: CADAA    11-15: CABBD

Part III:  
1-5: DACDB    6-10: BBACB  11-15: BCBAB               

Part IV:
1. hoarse  2. brought back   3. whispering   4. gracefully   5. noted

Part V:
1. assurance  2. ignorant  3. courageous  4. equality  5. theoretically

Part VI:
1. He failed in the exam, which has made him aware of the importance of reviewing his lessons regularly.
2. Nowadays, soccer is no longer a game merely for entertainment, but also a carrier of modem culture, economy and social activities.
3. China's holiday economy began with the first-ever seven-day National Day holiday in 1999. Statistics show that the holiday economy is an emerging growth sector.
The fact is that no matter how nicely we dress, how beautifully we decorate our houses, we cannot be truly stylish if we don’t use polite langue.
In our age, people depend more on computers to solve various of difficult problems.







Test 2参考答案

I. Vocabulary and Grammar. (10%)
Direction: There are 10 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or
phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence.
Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
1.  The polar bear feeds almost exclusively on seals and other animals, but it may also __ __ on vegetation.
A. eat                   B. graze                 C. gulp                 D. swallow

2.  Harry was ______ by the President as the Security Adviser for the government.
A. asked                      B. designated         C. elected                     D. given

3.  Plants draw minerals and other ______ from the soil.
A. food                 B. nutrients            C. nutrition            D. materials

4.  Manufacturing used to be accomplished by hand, but most of today’s modern manufacturing operations are highly mechanized and ______.
A. automated         B. complicated      C. controlled         D. manual

5.  If you cannot remember, let me try to ______ your memory.
A. awaken          B. stimulate      C. arouse                   D. refresh

6. Usually, _______ care for children's ______.
A. woman writers... lives    B. women writer... life
C. women writers ... life     D. women writer ... lives

7. ________ you are free, why not go skating with us?
A. Because      B. Since       C. As      D. For

8. Great men never give up ______ difficulty.
A. in a face of     B. in face of the     C. in the face of      D. in the face of the

9. ----- _____ is the engineer's husband ?
----- The neighbor of your brother in the corner.
A. Who      B. What        C. How      D. Which

10. There are ______ custom tailors and dressmakers in the U. S. than in European countries.
A. far fewer    B. so fewer    C. very fewer     D. too fewer

II. Cloze. (15%)
Direction: Decide which of the choice given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
Most people who work in London get a break of about an hour for lunch. As they mostly live too far from home to go back there __1__ lunch, they are obliged to make other arrangements for their midday meal.
Many large firms have a canteen (自助食堂) for their employees. In __2__ canteens the food served is plain but __3__, and although there is some variety of choice, the number of dishes __4__ usually small. The employees themselves fetch their dishes with a counter at which they are __5__. There they can find a tray on __6__ to carry their knives, forks, spoons, plates, cups, saucers, __7__, of course, their food. A meal in a canteen is inexpensive and may __8__ of soup, fish and chips or meat and two vegetables, with fruit or a pudding of some __9__ as dessert. Some firms that do not run a canteen __10__ their staff with luncheon-vouchers (午餐券), which many restaurants will accept in _11__ of money.
As there are so many people __12__ work in London, there are numerous cafes and restaurants in every area that is not purely residential (住家的). A meal __13__ cost anything from a modest sum to quite a few pounds, __14__ on the restaurant and the food chosen. __15__, one can generally get a meal, or at least a snack, in a pub. In recent years there has also been a big increase in the number of “take-away” food shops of all kinds.

1. A) in

B) at

C) for

D) before

2. A) such

B) same

C) few

D) other

3. A) limited

B) excessive

C) full

D) adequate

4. A) are

B) being

C) is

D) been

5. A) kept

B) served

C) made

D) waited

6. A) it

B) them

C) which

D) those

7. A) and

B) but

C) or 

D) except

8. A) compose

B) comprise

C) consist

D) count

9. A) category

B) sort

C) pattern

D) name

10. A) afford

B) invest

C) prepare

D) provide

11. A) request

B) place

C) case

D) face

12. A) in

B) on

C) at

D) over

13. A) must

B) need

C) should

D) may

14. A) depending

B) taking

C) relying

D) holding

15. A) Moreover

B) However

C) Still

D) Thus

III. Reading comprehension (30%)
Direction: In this section there are three passages followed by 15questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet.

Passage One
I am the owner of a small clothing store. Three months ago I decided to move my store to Glendale, another area of town, because business was not very good. Now I rent a store in an old building. The new location in Glendale is excellent, and my sales have improved a lot. (The utilities are also cheaper!) There is a high school nearby, and many of the students come to my store to buy their clothes. This location has other advantages, too. It is closer to my home, and there is a food store on the next block, so it is convenient for me to go shopping after work.
The size of my new store is better too. It is much bigger, and there is a lot of storage space. But the building was not in very good condition, and I had to make many improvements. The paint was old and dirty, and I had to pick a new color and paint all of the walls. I hired a man to build new wooden dressing rooms. I also made new curtains for the rooms and the window. I am completely satisfied with the store now. Unfortunately, I learned last week that the owner wants to sell the building – after all my hard work! How did I learn this? I came to work Friday and saw a “For Sale” sign in front of my store.

1. The store owner wanted to move to the new location because ______.

A) there was a food store nearby

  B) there was a high school on the next block

  C) the old store did not sell a lot of goods

  D) it was in a new area

2. The store owner ______.

A) has improved her sales until moving to the new location

  B) sells clothes to some high school students in the area

  C) can go to the shopping center in her business hours

  D) has been told that the furniture is cheaper there

3. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

A) It is convenient for the store owner to go shopping because the clothing store is close to her house.

  B) The old store was smaller than the new store, where she got much storage space.

  C) It was she who made some arrangements for the dressing rooms.

  D) After hard work, she is very satisfied with what she has done.

4. The building was not in very good condition, and ______.

A) the landlord of the building had the walls painted

  B) the store owner made a lot of improvements to it

  C) the store owner asked the workmen to repair the dressing rooms

  D) the landlord did a lot of work to rebuild it

5. The phrase “For Sale” means ______.

A) to be hired

B) to be closed down

C) to be rented

D) to be sold

Passage Two
Many people hope that the whole world will one day speak a common language. Over the years, people have made up new languages with this aim. At least six hundred languages have been developed in the search for a language which all human beings would be able to speak. The most famous one, Esperanto, was the idea of Ludwig Zamenhof, a doctor in Warsaw. He published a book about his new language in 1887.
To encourage people to learn the Language, he made it as simple as possible.
Esperanto has never been accepted as an official world language, but it has been suggested as an auxiliary language. By 1950 it had been taught to one and a half million speakers, and it was spoken in six hundred schools. Today Esperanto is spoken by about eight million people, and more than one hundred newspapers and magazines in the language are published regularly throughout the world. Thousands of books have been written in Esperanto, including those translated from other languages.
Today the need for a new auxiliary language like Esperanto seems less obvious. Throughout this century English has grown more and more important. It has become a second language for many millions of people. The fact that more are learning English shows that the use of English is still growing worldwide. No one would deny the usefulness of a world language, but not many people think that Esperanto is likely to play such a role.

6. Over the years, people have made up new languages in the hope that ______.

A) all people will be able to speak a common language

  B) people will learn a foreign language better

  C) people can understand each other better

  D) people will be able to speak several languages

7. Zamenhof made the language as simple as possible because ______.

A) he wanted people to learn it quickly

  B) more and more people would be willing to learn it

  C) everyone would speak it without any difficulty

  D) he hoped it would be accepted as an official world language

8. Esperanto has never been accepted as an official language ______.

A) but people want to use it very much

  B) but it is a very useful language

  C) because the use of English is still growing worldwide

  D) because people don’t like it very much

9. Which of the following is NOT true of Esperanto?

A) It was widely taught in schools.

  B) It was spoken by many students.

  C) Many books have been written in Esperanto.

  D) It was once used as an official language.

10. Many people think that Esperanto will not become an official world language because ______.

A) many people are learning English

  B) it does not play such an important role as English does

  C) English has become a second language for everyone

  D) no one wants to have a world language

Passage Three
The first jazz musicians played in New Orleans during the early 1900’s. After 1917, many of the New Orleans musicians moved to the south side of Chicago, where they continued to play their style of jazz. Soon Chicago was the new center for jazz.
Several outstanding musicians emerged as leading jazz artists in Chicago. Daniel Louis “Satchmo” Armstrong, born in New Orleans in 1900, was one. Another leading musician was Joseph “King” Oliver, who was also credited with having discovered Armstrong when they were both in New Orleans. While in Chicago, Oliver asked Armstrong, who was in New Orleans, to join his band.
In 1923 King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band made the first important set of recording by a Hot Five and Hot Seven bands and Louis Armstrong also made recordings of special note.
Although Chicago’s South Side was the main jazz center, some musicians in New York were also demanding attention in Jazz circles. In 1923 Fletcher Henderson already had a ten-piece band that played jazz. During the early 1930’s, the number of players grew to sixteen. Henderson’s band was considered a leader in what some people have called the Big Band Era.
By the 1930’s, big dance bands were the rage. Large numbers of people went to ballrooms to dance to jazz music played by big bands.
One of the most popular and long and very famous jazz bands was the Duke Ellington band. Edward “Duke” Ellington was born in Washington D. C, in 1893 and died in New York City in 1974. He studied the piano as a young boy and later began writing original musical compositions.
The first of Ellington’s European tours came in 1933. He soon received international fame for his talent as bandleader, composer, and arranger. Ten years later, Ellington began giving annual concerts as Carnegic Hall in New York City. People began to listen to jazz in the same way that they had always listened to classical music.

11. For which of the following reasons did Louis Armstrong go to Chicago?

A) To form his own band.

B) To learn to play Chicago-style jazz.

  C) To play in Joseph Oliver’s band.

D) To make recordings with the Hot Five.

12. Which of the following can best replace the word “note” in Para.3?

A) distinction.

B) memorandum.

C) mood.

D) song.

13. Which of the following conclusions does the passage support?

A) By the 1930’s jazz was appreciated by a wide audience.

  B) Classical music had a great impact on jazz.

  C) Jazz originated in New Orleans in the early nineteenth century.

  D) Jazz bands were better known in Europe than in the United States.

14. Which of the following cities is NOT mentioned in the passage as a center of jazz?

A) New York.

B) Washington D. C.

C) Chicago.

D) New Orleans.

15. It can be inferred from the passage that ______.

A) Ellington had been to Europe several times

B) Ellington was only a composer

  C) big dance bands failed to attract a lot of people

D) Big dance bands made people an

IV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. (10%)

routine   punctuality   gently   cherish   bet  
genuinely      count 
  1. She _____ good memories of her childhood.
  2. She ______ me $20 that I would not be able to give up smoking.
  3. I feel ______ sorry what I did to her.
  4. ______ is a necessary habit in all pubic affairs of a civilized society.
  5. She found that it was rather difficult to establish a new _____ after her retirement.


V. Word Formation. (10%)
Direction: Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given word in the bracket.
1. Going there is __________; it won't help anybody!      (point)
2. It was __________ to leave the little dog to die of hunger.   (heart)
3. He is such an ill-tempered old man that he is simply __________.    (approach)
4. His employer gave him a gold watch on his __________.   (retire)
5. He used photographs as ________ for his talk.      (illustrate)

VI. Translation. (25’)
Direction: Translate each of the following sentences into English.

  1. 有些初来美国的人来自其他的文化背景,在那里人们认为工作太快是一种失礼。

2.  中国非常重视孩子早期能力的培养。因此,中国人往往手把手地教他们的孩子。然而,美国人更多地强调培养孩子的创新能力,日后在后的技艺。
3. 那个男人告诉妻子把药放在最上层的搁架上,这样孩子们就够不着了。
4. 他冒着生命危险救了那个小女孩,为我们树立了一个好榜样。



Key to paper 2:

Part I:
1-5:BBBAD    6-10: CBCDA

Part II:   
1-5: CADCB   6-10: CACBD   11-15: BCDAA

Part III:
1-5:CBABD6-10: ABCDB   11-15: CAABA                                  

Part IV: 
1. cherishes   2. bet   3. genuinely   4. Punctuality   5. routine

Part V: 
1. pointless  2. heartless   3. unapproachable    4. retirement   5. illustrations      

Part VI:
1. Some new arrivals to America come from other cultures where it is considered impolite to work too quickly.
2. In China, greater priority is given to developing skills at an early age. Therefore, Chinese people often teach their children by holding their hands. The Americans, however, place more emphasis on promoting creativity in young children, leaving them to pick up skills later.
3. The man told his wife to keep the medicine on the top of the shelf so that it would be beyond the children’s reach.
4. He save the little girl at the risk of his own life and set a good example for us.
5. Scientists think that mach of the future food will be skillfully made by food chemists and will be delicious and healthful.






Test 3参考答案
I. Vocabulary and Grammar. (10%)
Direction: There are 10 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.

  1. No one could explain how it had ______that he survived the air crash.

A. become     B. arrived     C. resulted     D. come about
2. Even a mighty express train can be ______by signals.
A. slowed up    B. held up    C. prevented    D. kept up
3. Microcomputers ______with the invention of microchips.
A. appeared    B. turned up    C. came into being    D. were realized
4. The small river was only 40 meters ______.
A. big    B. large    C. cross     D. across
5. -How about the book you are reading ?
-Good , indeed . It ________many problems we have come across in our study.
A. says      B. talks     C. covers     D. refers
6. I'd like to take my picture ________stands a high tower.
A. where     B. which     C. that      D. there
7. I'd like to buy a house, modern and comfortable, and __________, in a quiet place.
A. afar all    B. above all    C. in all    D. for all
8. -You've got a good result in your research, haven't you?
-Yes , but much ________ .
A. remains to do   B. is remains to do   C. remains to be done   D. has remained to do it
9. -I must be leaving now. It'll be 3 hours' drive to get there.
A. Good-bye    B.Take care    C. Take it easy    D. What can I do for you
10. There are ten people in our group. Two are from the north; _______ are locals.
A. the others     B. others     C. the other     D. other

II. Cloze. (15%)
Direction: Decide which of the choice given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
In Hollywood there is a company that publishes children’s books with the   1_ of computers. Although other book companies also publish that way, this particular company is very   2  . It “personalizes” the books,   3   having the computer make the reader the leading   4   in the story. Here is  5  they do it. Let us say your child is named Jenny.
She lives on Oak Drive in St. Louis, has a dog named Spot, a cat named Tabby, and three playmates   6   names are Betsy, Sandy, and Jody. The computer uses this information to fill   out a story that has   7   been prepared and illustrated. The story is then   8   with standard equipment as a hardcover book . A child who receives such a book might say, “This book is   9   me.” The company, therefore,   10   itself the “Me~Books Publishing Company”.
Children like the me-books   11   they like to see   in   print their own names and the names of their   12   and their pets. But more important, “personalization” has been found an important tool in   13   enthusiasm for reading. Me-books are   14   helping a child to learn how to read, by appealing   15   that natural desire to see his own name in print.
1. A) use                       B) aid                           C) instruction                D) guide
2. A) unusual                 B) scarce                       C) common                   D) modern
3. A) in                         B) with                         C) by                           D) at
4. A) role                      B) hero                         C) character                  D) person
5. A) what                     B) why                        C) where                      D) how
6. A) their                     B) whose                      C) by                           D) with
7. A) always                  B) hardly                      C) already                     D) ever
8. A) printed                 B) built                         C) pressed                     D) made
9. A) beyond                 B) about                       C) of                            D) with
10. A) calls                   B) earns                        C) entitles                     D) marks
11. A) which                 B) when                        C) because                    D) but
12. A) families              B) schools                     C) teachers                    D) friends
13. A) developing          B) making                     C) discovering               D) growing
14. A) throughout          B) thus                         C) otherwise                 D) ever
15. A) for                     B) upon                        C) with                         D) to

III. Reading comprehension (30%)
Direction: In this section there are three passages followed by 15 questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet.

Passage One
One of the most popular literary figures in American literature is a woman who spent almost half of her life in China, a country on a continent thousands of miles from the United States. In her life time she earned his country’s most highly acclaimed literary award, the Pulitzer Prize, and also the most prestigious form of literary recognition in the world, the Nobel Prize for Literature. Pearl S. Buck was almost a household word throughout much of her lifetime because of her prolific output, which consisted of some eighty-five published works, including several dozen novels, six collections of short stories, fourteen books for children, and more than a dozen works of nonfiction. When she was eighty years old, some twenty-five volumes were awaiting publication. Many of those books were set in China, the land in which she spent so much of her life. Her books and her life served as a bridge between the cultures of the East and the West. As the product of those two cultures she became, as she described herself, “mentally bifocal”. Her unique background made her into an unusually interesting and versatile human being. As we examine the life of Pearl Buck, we cannot help but be aware that we are in fact meeting three separate people: a wife and mother, an internationally famous writer, and a humanitarian and philanthropist. One cannot really get to know Pearl Buck without learning about each of the three. Though honored in her lifetime with the William Dean Howell Medal of the American Academy of Arts and Letters in addition to the Nobel and Pulitzer Prizes, Pearl Buck as a total human being, not only a famous author, is a captivating subject of study.

1. What is the author’s main purpose in writing the passage?
A) To offer a criticism of the works of Pearl Buck.
B) To illustrate Pearl Buck’s views on Chinese literature.
C) To illustrate the background and diverse interests of Pearl Buck.
D) To discuss Pearl Buck’s influence on the cultures of the East and the West.

2. According to the passage, Pearl Buck was an unusual figure in American literature in that she ______.
A) wrote extensively about a very different culture
B) published half of her books abroad
C) won more awards than any other woman of her time
D) achieved her first success very late in life

3. According to the passage, Pearl Buck described herself as “mentally bifocal” to suggest that she was ______.
A) capable of resolving the differences between two distinct linguistic systems
B) keenly aware of how the past could influence the future
C) capable of producing literary works of interest to both adults and children
D) equally familiar with two different cultural environments

4. The word “prolific” in Line 6 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
A) influential.                B) impressive.               C) fruitful.                   D) outstanding.

5. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A) All of Pearl Buck’s books were written in China.
B) Pearl Buck won several literary awards for her works.
C) Pearl Buck knew both American and Chinese cultures very well.
D) One has to study the different aspects of Pearl Buck in order to understand her well.

Passage Two
Are organically grown foods the best food choices? The advantages claimed for such foods over conventionally grown and marketed food products are now being debated. Advocates of organic foods – a term whose meaning varies greatly – frequently proclaim that such products are safer and more nutritious than others.
The growing interest of consumers in the safety and nutritional quality of the typical North American diet is a welcome development. However, much of this interest has been sparked by sweeping claims that the food supply is unsafe or inadequate in meeting nutritional needs. Although most of these claims are not supported by scientific evidence, the preponderance (优势) of written material advancing such claims makes it difficult for the general public to separate fact from fiction. As a result, claims that eating a diet consisting entirely of organically grown foods prevents or cures disease or provides other benefits to health have become widely publicized and formed the basis for folklore.
Almost daily the public is besieged (围攻) by claims for “no-aging” diets, new vitamins and other wonder foods. There are numerous unsubstantiated reports that natural vitamins are superior to synthetic ones, that fertilized eggs are nutritionally superior to unfertilized eggs, that untreated grains are better than fumigated grains, and the like.
One thing that most organically grown food products seem to have in common is that they cost more than conventionally grown foods. But in many cases consumers are mislead if they believe organic food can maintain health and provide better nutritional quality than conventionally grown foods. So there is real cause for concern if consumers, particularly those with limited incomes, distrust the regular food supply and buy only expensive organic foods instead.

6. The word “advocate” in Line 2, Para. 1 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
A) proponents.               B) merchants.               C) inspectors.                D) consumers.

7. According to the first paragraph, which of the following is true about the term “organic foods”?
A) It is accepted by most nutritionists.                  B) It has been used only in recent years.
C) It has no fixed meaning.                                 D) It is seldom used by consumers.

8. The author implies that there is cause for concern if consumers with limited incomes buy organic foods instead of conventionally grown foods because ______.
A) organic foods can be more expensive but are often no better than conventionally grown foods
B) many organic foods are actually less nutritious than similar conventionally grown foods
C) conventionally grown foods are more readily available than organic foods
D) too many farmers will stop using conventional methods to grow food crops

9. From the last paragraph, consumers who believe that organic foods are better than conventionally grown foods are often ______.
A) careless                     B) mistaken                  C) thrifty                      D) wealthy

10. What is the author’s attitude toward the claims made by advocates of health foods?
A) Very enthusiastic.      B) Favorable.                C) Neutral.                   D) Doubtful.

Passage Three
It seems to us that the earth stands quite still. But it is really moving all the time. It turns around a make-believe line through its center. We call this make-believe line the earth’s axis(地轴). The two ends of the earth’s axis are called its poles. It makes the earth twenty-four hours travel around its axis once.
We look at the sun and say it “rises” and “travels” across the sky, but the sun doesn’t really do so. It is the turning of the earth that makes us feel as if the sun were moving across the sky. We can’t see that the earth is moving because everything else on the earth is turning with us. As the earth turns around every twenty-four hours, first one half faces the sun and then the other half. When our half of the earth is facing the sun, we say it is day. When our half is away from the sun, we say it is night. It is the turning of the earth that tells us when to go to bed and when to get up.

  1. What’s the meaning of the phrase “a make-believe line”?
    1. It’s a line that we can’t believe.
    2. It’s a line that we can’t see.
    3. It’s a line that anyone can make.
    4. It’s a line that we can make and believe.


  1. The meaning of the word “pole” is ____.
    1. the north and the south points of the earth
    2. a tall piece of wood or metal that stands in the ground
    3. either of the ends of a line
    4. either of the two complete different opinions
  1. We usually say “The sun rises in the east and sets in the west”. But in fact, the sun ____.

A. rises in the west                                    B. sets in the east
C. stands still                                            D. is moving all the time

  1. We can’t see the earth moving because ____.
    1. we live on the earth
    2. the earth is smaller than the sun
    3. everything on the earth is moving with us
    4. the earth is moving very slowly
  2. When do we have “day”?
    1. When the earth faces us.
    2. When the sun turns to us.
    3. When our part of the earth turns away from the sun.
    4. When the part of the earth where we live faces the sun.


IV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. (10%)

glint  soothe  pocket  group
put away  clutch  swerve
  1. He had got very annoyed about the loss of his watch, and it took all her tact to _____him down.
  2. The invaders met _____ of resistance in some cities.
  3. As an economic wife, she _____ some money each month.
  4. The minibus ______ to the right, bumped a tree, and fell into a ditch.
  5. Her _____ gold ring attracts all our attention.

V. Word Formation. (10%)
Direction: Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given word in the bracket.

1. Climbing in these hills can be dangerous due to the _______ of sudden snow-storms.    (occur)
2. The moon shines by _______ light. (reflect)
3. The store sells _______ from all over the country.  ( merchant)
4. She stared at him in ________. (believe)
5. He goes to church in spite of his ________  (believe)

VI. Translation. (25’)
Directions: Translate each of the following sentences into English.
1. 尽管很忙,他每天至少花小时上网,了解这个领域的最新动态。
2. 李教授在毕业典礼上作了一个简短的讲话,他的话深深铭刻在我的记忆中。
3. 30分钟内写出一篇约100个词的短文,对于他们班大多数学生来说不过是小菜一碟。
4. 4年的大学学习给了他们自信,使他们觉得自己足以征服世界。
5. 男女同校同班接受教育是最理想的教育形式,因为男女学生有机会相互了解,相互学习,相互竞争。



Key to paper 3

Part I:
1-5: DBCDC  6-10: ABCBA

Part II:
1-5: BACCD  6-10: BCABA   11-15: CDABD


Part III:
1-5: CADCA   6-10: ACABC     11-15: BACCD

Part IV:
1. soothe 2. pockets  3. puts away  4. swerved  5. glinting

Part V:
1. occurrence  2. reflected  3. merchandize  4. disbelief  5. unbelief

Part VI:
1. Even though he is very busy, he spends at least two hours every day surfing the Internet in order to find out the latest developments in this field.
2. Professor Li gave a short speech at the commencement. What he said was strongly impressed upon my memory.
3. To write a short passage of about 100 words in 30 minutes would be a snap to most students in their class.
4. With all this assurance of four years of college study, they felt ready and able to conquer the world.
5. Coeducation is the most desirable form of education because male and female students have the opportunity to know each other, to communicate with each other and compete with each other.


Test 4参考答案
I. Vocabulary and Grammar. (10%)
Direction: There are 10 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
1. The _____ impression we got was that they were not interested in the new project.
A. common    B. genuine   C. general    D. real

2. She offered me some food that had a _____taste.
A. special    B. peculiar    C. particular    D. concrete

3. _____the sight of the poor, the sick and the unemployed, the government had no way out but to decide to reform.
A. confronted with    B. confronting with    C. Faced with   D. Facing with

4. He failed to _____himself to the new environment.
A. adopt    B. adept    C. adapt    D. addict

5. Three Days To See _____my interest in knowing more about Helen Keller.
A. rose    B. arose    C. aroused    D. raised

6. -----Nancy is not coming tonight. 
----- But she _____!
A. promises   B. promised   C. will promise   D. had promised

7. We've made some achievements, but there is still a long way _____.
A. going    B. to go     C. gone     D. to be gone

8. Only when you have collected sufficient data _____ come a sound conclusion.
A. you can    B. you will   C. can you    D. did you

9. ----- This pen isn't yours, is it?
----- _____.
A. Yes, it's not mine      B. No, yours is bigger
C. No, it's my friend's     D. Yes, mine's a red one

10. I hope _____that was involved in that accident this morning was all right.
A. anyone   B. none   C. whoever   D. who

II. Cloze. (15%)
Direction: Decide which of the choice given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
Most people agree that fencing is one sport in which a person must be at least 30 years old before he learns all he needs to know about the sport. But Clark Summers of the University of Detroit has shown that this doesn't always have to be   1    .
Clark is a different kind of fencer in a lot of  2   . He is American, while most fencers are from the   3    of Europe. He is black while most fencers in the past have been  4   . And he is  5       22 years old.
Many people   6   that Clark is the most promising fencer in this country today. Although he is young, he has been able to   7   the necessary skills. Already he has won a number of fencing contest against older fencers. He is almost    8   to become a member of the U. S. Olympic fencing team!
"There is no   9   danger in fencing, today, Clark says. "But I never   10    that fencing was not always a sport. In the old days, People fenced to  11   a quarrel. Each match was a matter of life and death. If that    12   true in the matches I   13    in today, every touch against me would mean that I   14    wounded or killed. So I try to play as if l were fencing for my life. I don't like, the idea of being   15    ! "
1. A. true      B. wrong     C. clear     D. clever
2. A. sense     B. sports     C. ways     D. times
3. A. countries     B. east      C. west      D. schools
4. A. brave     B. strong     C. white    D. young
5. A. at least    B. not       C. already     D. only
6. A. expect     B. think     C. hope     D. find
7. A. study      B. know     C. improve    D. master
8. A. ready      B. able      C. going     D. certain
9. A. large       B. such     C. real       D. little
10. A. think      B. agree    C. forget     D. remember
11. A. make      B. pick     C. start     D. settle
12. A. should be     B. came    C. were     D. is
13. A. play       B. go       C. work    D. stay
14. A. would get     B. were     C. was     D. had been
15. A. a fencer       B. a winner    C. missed    D. killed  
III. Reading comprehension (30%)
Direction: In this section there are three passages followed by 15 questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet.

Passage one

Stage plays, at first, seem a lot like films. Both use actors and dialogue and scenery. But if you try to make a film by setting up a camera in front of the stage, you will find it won't work. A film made in this way will leave the audience cold. And even worse you'll b3e wasting a powerful tool --- the camera.
A stage is actually a box. One side of the box has been removed so the audience can see what's going on inside. The actors remain at a fixed audience. In the film, however, the camera can bring the audience up close and fix their attention on small but important things: a frightened look, a whisper, a trembling of hands.
The camera offers the film maker freedom allowing him to move easily across barriers(界限) of time and space. He can show his action in real cities and on real farms. He can also use the camera to change the scene dozens of times in one film. No expert of the stage can do this.  
1. The main idea of the text is that ________ .
A. stage plays and films are two different kinds of art
B. it is always disappointing to turn play into films
C. films have certain advantages over stage plays
D. the camera has made film making easy and possible
2. What is wrong with making a film by setting up a camera before the stage ?
A. Fewer and fewer people will go to the theatre.
B. The audience cannot see what is going on the stage.
C. The scene cannot be changed from time to time.
D. The powerful camera cannot be made good use of.
3. Which of the following can show that the camera is a powerful tool ?
A. It can move easily.          B. It can make small things look larger.
C. It can show things in the future.  D. It can give us a scene of realism.
4. In what way are plays different from film ?
A. Films often use real scenery while plays don't.
B. Films can show the past while plays can't.
C. Films change scenes while plays don't.
D. Film audience can move while play audience can't.
5. A suitable title for this text is _______. 
A. Stage Plays and Film    B. The Powerful Camera
C. Fewer Plays, More Films   D. Less Waste, More Freedom  
Passage Two
If an American is satisfied with you, he will put his thumb and forefinger into a circle. That means OK. But in Brazil, the very sign is considered to be rude. In Poland, a guest usually presents flowers to his hostess. The number must be an odd one. Besides, the hostess isn't expected to remove the cover of the bunch of flowers. And usually, red rose is a sign of love.

Usually we nod to express our agreement and shake our heads to show disapproval. To our surprise these body movements mean the opposite in Bulgaria.

The differences in customs and cultures in the world are really noticeable. We should learn more about them to avoid them to avoid embarrassment. Then, would you please remember: When in Rome, do as the Romans do.  
6. In Poland, if a man gives some odd red roses to woman as a present, it means that he _____. 
A. will invite her to a dinner party   B. has not been in love with her
C. will invite her to a ball        D. has fallen in love with her  
7. If a Brazilian puts his thumb and index into a circle, it shows that he _____ you. 
A. will be friends with     B. is not satisfied with
C. is willing to help      D. is satisfied with 
8. In Poland, it is _____ for the hostess to remove the cover of the bunch of flower somebody presented to her.
A. impolite  B. polite    C. expected   D. unexpected
9. In Bulgaria, if a man nods, it means that he _______ with you. 
A. will have a talk  B. disagrees   C. will shake hands  D. agrees 
10. The sentence “When in Rome, do as the Romans do” means that _______. 
A. we should learn from the Romans  B. we should work as the Romans do
C. we should obey its customs when we are entering a country.  D. we have been Romans 
Passage Three
The English author (writer), Richard Savage, was once living in London in great poverty. In order to earn (make) a little money he had written the story of his life, but not many copies of the book had been sold in the shop, and Savage was living from hand to mouth. As a result of his lack of food he became very ill, but after a time, because of the skill of the doctor who had looked after him, he got well again. After a week or two the doctor sent a bill to Savage for his visits, but poor savage hadn't any money and couldn't pay it. The doctor waited for another month and sent the bill again. But still no money came. After several weeks be sent it to him again asking for his money. In the end he came to Savage's house and asked him for payment, saying to Savage, "You know you owe your life to me and I expected some gratitude from you. "

"I agree," said Savage, "that I owe my life to you, and to prove to you that I am not ungrateful for your work I will give my life to you." With these words he handed to him two copies entitle, THE LIFE OF RICHARD SAVES.  
11.The best title for this text should be ______. 
A. A Poor English Writer     B. A Skilled Doctor
C. A Life for a Life        D. The Life of Richard Savage 
12. In the text the underlined sentence, Savage was living from hand to mouth, means _______.
A. Savage had clothes to wear and food to eat
B. Savage had no money to buy clothes and food
C. Savage was very poor and ill  
D. Savage was too poor to live on
13. According to the text we can imagine that _______. 
A. the doctor was poor too    B. the doctor was skilled and kind
C. the doctor was skilled but cruel   D. the doctor was glad to have got the two books 
14. The writer wrote this story just to tell us ______ . 
A. a funny story         B. an unhappy story
C. a miserable story      D. an ungrateful story 
15. Which statement is not true ?
A. It was the doctor who cured Savage.  
B. If it hadn't been because of the doctor, Savage might have died.
C. The doctor sent bills to Savage for money.
D. The doctor himself come to see Savage again.  
IV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. (10%)

wonder  cliff   shiny  slide
blend   bright  artificial
  1. The children laughed at the ____ head of the bald man.
  2. Will the government take action to support the ____ pound?
  3. Her _____gaiety disguised an inner sadness.
  4. For anyone who has ever looked with ____ into the night sky, it is not at all difficult a concept to understand.
  5. All the new houses built in this area ____ perfectly with their surroundings in style.


V. Word Formation. (10%)
Direction: Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given word in the bracket.
1. He is a _______ child, and is easily led into mischief by the naughtier children.         (suggest)
2. Being an ________ young man, he is competent for the job.  (athlete)
3. Junior-high education is now ______ in Shanghai.   (popular)
4. All characters in the book are _____(imagine)
5. Fairy tales often help to develop a child's ______.   (imagine)
VI. Translation. (25’)
Directions: Translate each of the following sentences into English.
1.  我们预料敌人可能设法过河,所以我们把桥摧毁了。

  1. 班长要等每个人都到了以后才宣布会议开始。 

3.  这人带着很重的口音跟我讲话我几乎不知道他在说些什么。
4.  随着舞会日期渐近她感到越发担心,因为她没有首饰可戴。 
5.  虽然他受过医生的训练,但与其说他以医生还不如说他以小说家 而享有践誉。  

Keys to paper 4

Part I:
1—5:CBACC  6-10:    BBCCC

Part II:
1-5: ACACD   6-10: BDDCC    11-15: DBADD

Part III:
1-5: CDDAA     6-10: DBABC   11-15: CDAAD

Part IV:
1. shiny  2. sliding  3. artificial   4. wonder   5. blend

Part V:
1. suggestible  2. athletic  3. popularized  4. imaginary  5. imagination

Part VI:
1. We anticipated that the enemy would try to cross the river. That was why we destroyed the bridge.
2. The monitor won't declare the meeting open until everyone has turned up.
3. The man talked to me with such a strong accent that hardly knew what he was driving  at
4. As the day of the ball was drawing near, she felt all the more worried, for she had no jewels to wear.
5. Though he has been trained as a doctor.  He is widely known more as a novelist the as a doctor.





Test 5参考答案
I. Vocabulary and Grammar. (10%)
Direction: There are 10 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
1. I think they really want to buy _____ that will help them make their life easier.
A. stuff     B. staff     C. matters     D. means

2. Special shipping and _____ charges may apply.
A. dealing     B. treating     C. managing     D. handling

3. I am ______ to you for helping me out of the difficult situation.
A. positive    B. stressful    C. grateful    D. worried

4. He _____ the gap in his education _____ lack of opportunity.
A. owed… to   B. owned…to   C. contributed…to    D. attributed…to

5. You are unlikely to succeed unless you ____ his advice.
A. ignore    B. understand     C. remember     D. follow

6. Why do you want a new job_____ you've got such a good one already?
A. that     B. where     C. which     D. when

7. He insisted that his brother ____ the window. It was clear that someone else broke
the window.
A. should not break     B. should not have broken
C. hadn't broken       D. would not break

8. ----- Can you come on Monday or Tuesday?
----- I'm afraid _____day is possible.
A. either   B. neither   C. some   D. any

9. ----- Don't forget to come to my birthday party, Mr. Wang. ----- _____.
A. No, I don't   B. Yes, I can't   C. No, I won't   D. Yes, I'm sure

10. Tom's father, as well as his mother, _____in New York for a few more days.
A. suggest him to stay    B. suggested him that he should stay
C. suggest him staying     D. suggests he stay  

II. Cloze. (15%)
Direction: Decide which of the choice given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
Many students find the experience of attending university lectures to be a confusing and frustrating experience.
The lecturer speaks for one or two hours, perhaps illustrating the talk with slides, writing up important information on the blackboard, distributing reading material and giving out __1 __.
The new student sees the other students continuously writing on notebooks and __2__ what to write.
Very often the student leaves the lecture __3__ notes which do not catch the main points and __4__ become hard even for the __5__ to understand.
Most institutions provide courses which __6__ new students to develop the skills they need to be __7__ listeners and note-takers.
__8__ these are unavailable, there are many useful study-skills guides which __9__ learners to practice these skills __10__ .
In all cases it is important to __11__ the problem __12__ actually starting your studies.
It is important to __13__ that most students have difficulty in acquiring the language skills __14__ in college study.
One way of __15__ these difficulties is to attend the language and study-skills classes which most institutions provide throughout the academic year.
Another basic strategy is to find a study partner with whom it is possible to identify difficulties, exchange ideas and provide support.
1.A.assignments    B. information    C. content    D. definition
2.A.suspects       B. understands    C. wonders   D. convinces
3.A.without        B. with         C. on        D. except
4.A.what          B. those         C. as        D. which
5.A.teachers       B. classmates     C. partners   D. students
6.A.prevent        B. require       C. assist      D. forbid
7.A.effective       B. passive       C. relative    D. expressive
8.A.Because        B. Though       C. Whether   D. If
9.A.enable        B. stimulate       C. advocate   D. prevent
10.A.independently   B. repeatedly    C. logically    D. generally
11.A.evaluate       B. acquaint      C. tackle      D. formulate
12.A.before        B. after         C. while       D. for
13.A.predict        B. acknowledge   C. argue      D. ignore require      B. required       C. requiring    D. are required
15.A.preventing     B. withstanding    C. sustaining    D. overcoming

III. Reading comprehension (30%)
Direction: In this section there are three passages followed by 15 questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet.

Passage one
There are thousands of colleges and universities in the United states. Nearly half of the high school graduates in America go on to college. Most, like Bob and Jenny, go to large universities. These are state universities. Some of these universities have 40,000 or more students. There are also many small universities with only a few hundred students. Large universities have many buildings, each building for a particular subject. The buildings are in a large area. This area is the university campus. Students often must go from one class in one building to the next class in another building across campus. They may have a few minutes between classes to go from one building to another. When students begin the university, they must take classes in many subjects. These are the required courses. English and math are usually required courses and often a history and a science course are required too. Bob and Jenny will study mostly required courses during their first year. Later, they will specialize, and take courses in one subject.

  1. ____ can go on to college.
    1. Thousands of high school students
    2. Nearly half of the high school students
    3. Most of the high school students
    4. A small part of the high school students


  1. Which of the following is true?
    1. A small university has nearly 40,000 students.
    2. A large university has a few hundred students.
    3. In some of large universities there are more than 40,000 students.
    4. Both A and B.
  1. “Required courses” means ____.
    1. the courses students have to study
    2. the courses students may choose to study
    3. the courses that are less important
    4. the courses students like best


  1. During their first year the university students will ____.
    1. take courses in one subject
    2. choose the subject they like to study
    3. study almost all the courses they have to study
    4. study all the required courses
  1. Which of the following is NOT true?
    1. A large area in the large university is called a campus.
    2. In large universities students have their classes in different buildings.
    3. Students often go from one class to the next class across campus.
    4. In large universities students have their classes in one building.


Passage Two
Everybody feels pain sometimes: the pain in the head that comes after eating ice cream or drinking cold water; the sudden muscular pain; the “stitch” that attacks long-distance runners or others whose activity has put great demands on the oxygen supply of the body. These transitory pains are not cause for alarm; they usually disappear quickly, return rarely, and signify very little.
In contrast are the unusual, chronic, or exceptionally severe pains that require attention from a physician, who can determine whether or not they require special care. Angina pectoris (pain of the chest) is a heart pain that lasts from two or three minutes to ten or fifteen. Identification is extremely important, because special drugs are needed for relief and the doctor’s understanding and advice may prevent recurrence of the condition.
Only a doctor can recognize what are called referred pains. These originate at one point, but are felt at another to which they have been carried by the nerves.
A person with continuous pain becomes irritated, tires easily, has difficulty in sleeping, loses appetite, and may even become the victim of what has been called an anxiety state or nervous breakdown. Few diseases develop without pain at some stage, and many involve so characteristic a pain as to make diagnosis certain. Whenever a pain is so severe, so prolonged, and so unusual as to arouse alarm, a physician should be consulted.
6. Transitory pains should usually be__________.
A.  investigated
B.  disregarded
C.  referred
D.  Cultivated

7. Unlike transitory pain, all chronic pain__________.
A. should be investigated by a doctor
B. requires special care
C. is a symptom of heart disease
D. can be identified and treated

8. Chronic and referred pains are alike in that both__________.
A.  last for a long time
B.  result from a lack of oxygen
C.  should be identified by a doctor
D. are felt some distance from their source

9. Pain can be useful as__________.
A.  a signal of the presence of disease
B.  an aid in the diagnosis of disease
C.  Both A and B
D. Neither A nor B

10. Continuous pain may result in__________.
A.  irritability
B.  nervous breakdown
C.  Both A and B
D.  Neither A nor B
Passage Three

Driving cars, trucks and motorcycles is an important part of our lives. We do it every day to get to work, to school or to friends' houses.

Driving can be very convenient, but can also cause many problems. Waiting in line at a red light, a driver may get impatient and decide just to drive right through it. If another car is coming from the other direction, there might be a terrible accident. Cutting another car off can make its driver angry, so that driver cuts off someone else. Pretty soon everybody is angry, and impatient.

Traffic accidents declare millions of lives every year worldwide. In Taiwan alone, over seven people are killed in accidents every day. The annual death rate  from traffic accidents in Taiwan is twice that of Japan.

To allow traffic to move smoothly and safely, everybody must follow the rules. Before you drive, learn all the traffic laws. That way of driving is safe, convenient and even fun!

11.The word " convenient " in the passage means ________ .
A. handy, easy to do                  B. that can be changed
C. fond of drinking and merry-making   D. carriages or other trucks

12. If you cut another car off, its driver may be _______.
A. impatient     B. terrible     C. angry     D. both A and B

13. The sentence " Traffic accidents declare millions of lives "means "_______".
A. Traffic accidents make some people become millionaires
B. Many people die from traffic accidents
C. Millions of people say they themselves have had traffic accidents
D. Millions of people remain healthy after traffic accidents

14.According to the passage, driving can be safe if _______.
A. you are patient               B. you obey all the traffic rules
C. you don't cut another car off    D. you wait in line at a red light

15. Which of the following may be the best title for this passage? _______.
A. Traffic Safety   B. A Careful   C. How To Drive A Car   D. A Traffic Accident  

IV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. (10%)

positive   keep up   deal with   break down
stick it out   go through  push aside
  1. I think I will have to work twice as fast to ______ with everybody else.
  2. As he is recovering, he has grown more confident and ______ about life.
  3. Negotiations between the two sides have ______.
  4. He hates the job, but he’s determined to ______ because he needs the money.
  5. The hero has ______ numerous hardships and difficulties.


V. Word Formation. (10%)
Direction: Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given word in the bracket.
1.       is a fascinating hobby which most people take up, although perhaps only for a short time, at some period in their lives. (PHOTOGRAPH)

2. The general        is that it is rather expensive, although nowadays there are many excellent
cheap cameras on the market.       (COMPLAIN)
3. With these, even complete       can take excellent photographs.   (BEGIN)
4. Many people who are quite unable to draw or paint find, to their delight, that their photographs are quite      . (ART)
5. All that is necessary is an interesting subject, fairly good light, and a good deal
of       (PATIENT)

VI. Translation. (25’)
Directions: Translate each of the following sentences into English.
1. 举办这场音乐会是为了纪念这位作曲家逝世75周年。
3.  如果你早离开,你肯定会被人怀疑是小偷。 
4.  直到你告诉我后,我才知道他所遭遇的一切事。  
5.  这两位警察非常勇敢,他们准备冒被走私者开枪射击的危险。 


Key to paper 5

Part I:
1-5: ADCDD   6-10:DCBCD

Part II:
1-5: ACBDD   6-10: CADAA    11-15: CABBD
Part III:
1-5: BCACD   6-10:  BACCC   11-15: ACBBA

Part IV:
1. keep up   2. positive   3. broken down   4. stick it out   5. gone through

Part V:
1. Photography  2. complaint  3. beginners  4. artistic    5. patience

Part VI:
1. The concert was held to mark the 75th anniversary of the composer’s death.
2. The hospital has a staff of more than 100, nearly half being doctors.
4. If you left early you would be surely suspected of being the thief.
5. I had heard nothing of what happened to him until you told me.
6. The two policemen were so brave that they were ready to run the risk of
being shot at by the smugglers.



Test 6参考答案
I. Vocabulary and Grammar. (10%)
Direction: There are 10 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
1.     Your work is _________, but I’m sure you could do better.
A. enough             B. sufficient          C. adequate            D. appropriate
2.     The spacecraft is _________ with all the materials necessary for a ten-day flight.
A. preserved         B. furnished          C. probed             D. profiled
3.     For some serious coin collectors, a coin with a different date, mint mark, and even a little ________ in design is counted as a different coin.
A. contrast            B. diversity            C. variety              D. variation
4.     The total land area of Hong Kong, SAR (Special Administrative Region), is small, _____ only 1076 square kilometers (415 square miles).
A. accounting               B. including           C. making             D. occupying
5.     Please forgive me not having answered your request _______.
A. originally          B. promptly           C. logically            D. ordinarily
6. -What's your problem?
- I have lost sight of my mum and dad. I saw them ________ in front of me a moment ago.

A. were walking    B. to have walker    C. walk    D. walking

7. Children are tired of learning often because they are __________to do more than they can.

A. expected    B. suggested    C. hoped    D. wished

8. _________ concerts will be needed if we wanted to collect enough money to start a school.

A. Some other ten    B. Another ten     C. Other ten     D. Ten others

9. The door burst open and ________ , shouting with anger.

A. in rushed the crowd     B. rushed in the crowd
C. the crowd tin rushed    D. in the crowd rushed

10. We carved their names on the stone so that younger generations could know what
their forefathers ____ for the nation.

A. did    B. were doing    C. had done    D. have been doing

II. Cloze. (15%)
Direction: Decide which of the choice given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
In its home country of Germany, the hot dog was called the frankfurter. It was named after Frankfurt, a German city.

Frankfurters were first 1 in the United States in 2 . Americans called frankfurters "dachshund sausages"(达克思香肠). A dachshund is a dog from Germany 3 a very long body and short legs. Dachshund sausages first became popular in New York, especially at baseball games. At games they were sold by men 4 kept them warm in hot-water tanks. As the men walked 5 the rows of people, they yelled, "Get your dachshund sausages! Get your hot dachshund sausages! “People got the sausages on 6, a special bread.

7 in 1906 a newspaper cartoonist 8 Tad Dorgan went to a baseball game. 9 he saw the men with the dachshund sausages, he got an idea 10 a cartoon. The next day at the newspaper office he 11 a bun with a dachshund inside --- 12 a dachshund sausage, 13 a dachshund. Dorgan 14 how to spell dachshund . Under the cartoon, he wrote "Get your hot dogs!" The cartoon was a sensation(轰动) , and 15 .If you go to a baseball game today, you can still see sellers walking around with hot-water tanks. As they walk up and down the rows they yell.

"Get your hot dogs here! Get your hot dogs !"

1. A. got      B. sold     C. bought   D. make
2. A. the 1860s    B. 1860's    C. the 1860    D. 1865s
3. A. by      B. of      C. at      D. with
4. A. those    B. which     C. what     D. who
5. A. sometimes    B. up and down    C. someday    D. here and there
6. A. buns     B. the tops     C. coffee     D. chocolates
7. A. A day    B. Any day    C. Certain     D. One day
8. A. who is    B. was    C. was called    D. named
9. A. When    B. While    C. If     D. Whether
10. A. to     B. as     C. with     D. for
11. A. called    B. made    C. drew    D. bought
12. A. no     B. without     C. not     D. for
13. A. except    B. but     C. and     D. except for
14. A. didn't know    B. wonders    C. was sure    D. never knows
15. A. so the new name was      B. so is the cartoonist
C. so was the new name      D. the new name was so

III. Reading comprehension (30%)
Direction: In this section there are three passages followed by 15 questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet.

Passage One
Millions of stars are travelling about in space. A few form groups which journey together, but most of them travel alone.

And they travel through a universe so large that one star seldom comes near to another. For the most part each star makes its journey in complete loneliness, like a ship on an empty ocean. The ship will be well over a million miles from its nearest neighbor. From this it is easy to understand why a star seldom finds another anywhere neat it.

We believe, however, that some two thousand million years ago, another star wandering through space, happened to come near our sun, Just as the sun and the moon raise tides on the earth, so this star must have raised tides on the surface of the sun .But they were very different from the small tides that are raised in our oceans; a large tidal wave must have travelled over the surface of the sun, at last forming a mountain so high that we cannot imagine it. As the cause of the disturbance(动荡) came nearer, so the mountain rose higher and higher. And before the star began to move away again, its tidal pull had become so powerful that this mountain was torn to pieces and threw off small parts of itself into space. These small pieces have been going round the sun ever since. They are the planets(行星).

1. Millions of stars are _______________.
A. following a regular path in space         B. moving about without a fixed course
C. seldom wandering about in the universe   D. always travelling together

2. Some two thousand million years ago, the mountain on the sun was raised probably because
A. a large tidal wave of a star travelled over the surface of the sun
B. another star happened to come near the sun
C. the sun and the moon raised the tides on the earth
D. the star moved away from the sun

3. The article suggests that _____________ .
A. our earth exists before the sun
B. how space formed
C. no one knows where the earth comes from
D. our earth used to be a high mountain on the sun

4. The expression "the cause of the disturbance" refers to _________.
A. the large tidal wave           B. the powerful tidal pull
C. the star coming near the sun    D. one of the sun's planets
5. In this article, the writer mainly wants to tell the readers __________.
A. that the universe is so large that we cannot imagine it
B. how the high mountains were formed on the sun
C. why the tides over the surface of the sun were so powerful
D. where the planets in the universe came from
Passage Two
What is your favorite color? Do you like yellow, orange or red? If you do, you must be an optimist, a leader, or an active person who enjoys life, people and excitement. Do you prefer grays and blues? Then you are probably quiet, shy and you would rather follow than lead. If you love green, you are strong-minded and determined. You wish to succeed and want other people to see you are successful. At least this is what psychologists tell us, and they should know, because they have been seriously studying the meaning of color preference, and the effect that colors have on human beings. They tell us that we don’t choose our favorite color as we grow up. If you happen to love brown, you did so as soon as you opened your eyes, or at least as soon as you could see clearly.
A yellow room makes us feel more cheerful and more comfortable than a dark green one, and a red dress brings warmth and cheer to the saddest winter day. On the other hand, black is depressing. Light and bright colors make people not only happier but also more active. It is a fact that factory workers work better, harder, and have fewer accidents when their machines are painted orange rather than black or dark gray.
Remember, then, that if you feel low, you can always brighten your day or your life with a new shirt or a few colorful things. Remember also that you will know your friends and your enemies better when you find out what colors they like and dislike. And don’t forget that anyone can guess about your character when you choose a piece of handkerchief or a lampshade.

6.The author believes in the passage that ___.
A) anyone can choose his color preference in his life
B) no one can choose his color preference in his life
C) anyone is born with his color preference
D) no one is born with his color preference

7.According to the passage, ___.
A) if you enjoy life, you must like yellow, orange and red
B) when you are quiet, you must prefer grays and blues
C) if you love green, you usually do what you have decided
D) if you love pink, you often go to flower shops

8.Psychologists study the meaning of color preference because ___.
A) colors may affect the emotional states of the people
B) colors may decide the results of our work and study
C) color preference can tell you who your friends are
D) color preference can help you to see through your enemies

9.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
A) It is no proper to wear a red dress in summer.
B) We fell happier and more active if we see light and bright colors.
C) All the machines in a factory are painted orange.
D) No machines in a factory are painted black.

10.The main idea of this passage is ___.
A) color preference has something to do with one’s character
B) colors have effects on human psychological states
C) you will know your friends or your enemies by knowing the colors they like
D) all of the above

Passage Three
At the moment, the note of the highest value which is generally in use is the 20-pound note. Now, the bank of England plans to introduce a new, 50-pound note. And the Bank is trying to decide which famous English man or woman to put on the back of the new note.
Quite a problem. The Bank usually chooses safe, historical personalities. We already have Sir Isaac Newton, the scientist, the first Duke of Wellington, the famous soldier who led the British army at Waterloo, Florence Nightingale, founder of English Nursing and — of course – Shakespeare. So far, the list of possible choices for the 50-pound note is quite predictable. There’s Sir Francis Drake, to represent the achievements of English explorers in the sixteenth century. Then we have Lord Nelson, another sailor and the man who won the battle of Trafalgar in 1805 for England. The Bank will not forget music this time either. If they choose a woman, the feminist movement has two representatives: Boadicea, who fought against the Romans, or Pankhurst, who fought to get the vote for women early in this century.

11.According to the passage, the note of the highest value is ___.
A) not high enough now
B) in circulation
C) a new, 50-pound note
D) not the 20-pound note

12.We learn from the first paragraph that ___.
A) the 20-pound note is the highest value in the world
B) the 50-pound note is the highest value in the world
C) the Bank is going to use a 20-pound note
D) the Bank is going to use a 50-pound note

13.Which of the following statements is FALSE according to the passage?
A) The Bank usually chooses scientists in history for a new note.
B) The Bank usually chooses the famous soldiers for a new note.
C) The Bank usually chooses the famous women for a new note.
D) The Bank usually chooses politicians for a new note.

14.“The Bank will not forget music this time either” implies that ___.
A) the Bank often forget the music
B) the Bank always remember the music
C) the most famous composers will be a possible choice
D) music is important for the Bank

15.The passage is mainly about ___.
A) the choice of a representative for the Bank
B) the Bank’s choice of a personality for the new note
C) the comparison of the heroes in the English history
D) the value of the persons in the English history

IV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. (10%)

distort  polarization  enclose
spectrum  entail  bar  stature

1. Writing an academic book____ plenty of hard work and creative effort.
2. She was ____from entering the competition because of her age.
3. Einstein is a scientist of international ____.
4. The ever-increasing ____between the rich and the poor will some day result in serious social unstableness.
5. The Government was accused of having ____the protesters’ case.

V. Word Formation. (10%)
Direction: Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given word in the bracket.
1. Your very first efforts may be disappointing, but this is usually due to your ............ to take a photograph quickly, without waiting to consider the best viewpoint.     (EAGER)
2. With a little experience, you will become more .......... and learn to study your subject carefully before taking your photograph.   (CRITIC)         
3. You will learn to see things from a different point of view, and you will realize that sometimes even the most ordinary scene can make an ..........  interesting picture.      (EXTRAORDINARY)
4. Perhaps the most .......... photographs are those which make use of contrasts of light and shadow.  (EFFECT)
5. The best .......... that can be given to any young photographer is 'Keep your eyes open, and look carefully!'  (ADVISE)
VI. Translation. (25’)
Directions: Translate each of the following sentences into English.

  1. 我们比过去任何时候都坚信,改革开放的政策是正确的。
  2. 那个球队退出了比赛,抗议那个不公平的裁判。
  3. 这位妇女虽然很穷,但是她每个月都把一部分收入存起来,用于孩子的教育。

4. 总之,我们过去20年的成就证明,发展是硬道理。
5.. 他不但没有帮助我们,相反却给我们制造了许多困难。


Key to paper 6

Part I:
1-5: CBDDB   6-10 DABAC 

Part II: 
1-5: BADDB   6-10: ADDAD   11-15: CCBAC

Part III:
1-5: BBDCD    6-10: CCABD    11-15: ADDCB

Part IV:
1. entails  2. barred  3. stature  4. polarization  5. distorted

Part V:
1. eagerness  2. critical    3. extraordinarily  4. effective   5. advice

Part VI:
1. We are more convinced than ever that the reform and open-door policy is correct.
2. That team withdrew from the match as a protest against the unfair referee.
3. Although she was very poor, the woman set aside part of her income for the education of her child.
4. in short, our achievements in the past two decades have proved that development is an absolute principle.
5. He didn’t give us any help. Instead/ On the contrary, he created a lot of difficulties for us.





Test 7参考答案
I. Vocabulary and Grammar. (10%)
Direction: There are 10 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
1. It is ____ for a sales representative to go from door to door to promote products.
A. usual     B. regular    C. proud    D. supposed

2. If he thinks you are so ____, can you suggest a way out of this trouble.
A. stylish    B. smart    C. intelligent    D. modern

  1. Having published so many novels, he was widely regarded as a marvelously      writer.

A. capable   B. qualified    C. able     D. competent

  1. The explorers      the voyage in five weeks.

A. accomplished    B. completed    C. finished    D. fulfilled

5. When he moved to Canada, the children      to the change very well.

  1. adopted    B. adapted    C. adept     D. adjusted

6. She was so angry at all ____he was doing _____she walked out without saying a word.
A. that, that    B. which; that    C. what; as    D. that; which
7. Every minute must be made full use of _______our lessons, for the college entrance exam is coming.
A. going over  B. to go over   C. go over    D. our going over
8. They are going downtown ________bus instead of _______their bikes.
A. by, by    B. on; by    C. by; in    D. by; on
9. ----- How about a film tonight?
----- _______I haven't been to the cinema for a long time.
A. Yes, thanks.   B. Why not?   C. No, go away   D. It's a pity.
10. ----- which _______,bread or rice?
----- ________will do.
A. had you better eat; Both     B. would you like; All
C. do you like most ; None     D. would you rather have; Either
II. Cloze. (15%)
Direction: Decide which of the choice given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
Music is an important way of expressing people' s feelings and emotions. The decade, for instance, from 1960 to 1969 will be remembered by many as a period of social and political unrest in America.   1  this time, many people despaired with the music favored by the American  teenagers.   2 , we must now admit that the music they loved was  3    a sign of the period  and a  4 of the tensions and changes that were   5  American society. In the early sixties, 6  about social justice and equality were  by the song “Blowing in the Wind” which  8  the civil rights song “We Shall Overcome”. The conflict concerning military 9 in Vietnam was sung about in 1965 in the  10  song “Eve of Destruction” and in the song “Ballad of the Green Beret”. A few years  11  , a gradual shift in mood became  12   in one of the most popular songs which suggested calmer questions and possible answers even as some pop stars protested loudly  13  the draft. Finally, music as a  14 of the political and social process in America was highlighted at Woodstock, New York, where half a million young people came 15  in 1969 to spend three days listening to songs that spanned the decade. This event was a symbol of the desire for unity within a time of unrest. Woodstock was a presentation of hope in days of rage.
1. [ A ] For           [ B ] After           [ C ] During          [ D ] At
2. [ A ] Moreover      [ B ] However         [ C ] Therefore       [ D ] Thus
3. [ A ] only          [ B ] occasionally    [ C ] often           [ D ] never
4. [ A ] reflection    [ B ] reaction        [ C ] recreation      [ D ] relaxation
5. [ A ] effecting     [ B ] affecting       [ C ] defecting       [ D ] perfecting
6. [ A ] questions     [ B ] arguments       [ C ] debates         [ D ] disputes
7. [ A ] dismissed     [ B ] removed         [ C ] raised          [ D ] promoted
8. [ A ] reformed      [ B ] echoed          [ C ] repeated        [ D ] respected
9. [ A ] involvement   [ B ] assignment      [ C ] replacement     [ D ] settlement
10. [ A ] dissatisfying [ B ] delighting      [ C ] pleasing        [ D ] discouraging
11. [ A ] later         [ B ] past            [ C ] on              [ D ] ahead
12. [ A ] evident       [ B ] positive        [ C ] realistic       [ D ] instructive
13. [ A ] with          [ B ] against         [ C ] towards         [ D ] about
14. [ A ] tool          [ B ] creation        [ C ] mirror          [ D ] decoration
15. [ A ] along         [ B ] up              [ C ] together        [ D ] out

III. Reading comprehension (30%)
Direction: In this section there are three passages followed by 15 questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet.

Passage one

  I'd been living with my wife for eight years and one night “mom” says, “I guess you guys are never gonna get married. I mean, you've been through jail together, you' e living together, but.., oh, forget it.”
“Oh, well,” I said, “put it like that and I'll marry your daughter tomorrow.”
Actually, I don't know what we were waiting for, except that for a guy it's never the right time to get married. I' m also suspicious of any two people who don' t struggle with that decision. Part of my problem was that I was still lusting in my heart after other ladies. But somehow I knew that I wasn't going to find another woman remotely as great as my soon-to-be wife. It's a good thing my mother-in-law finally spoke up.
I finally gathered my courage one day when we were having a picnic, and popped the question. I also gave my wife a big tourist pamphlet about Switzerland. I wasn't taking any chances.
She said no.
It killed me. I felt sick to my stomach. I lost my appetite. Our dog just stared at me, thinking, “If you're not going to eat your lunch, I will.” Finally, I said, “But the Switzerland trip is yours if you say yes.”
“Switzerland,” she said, “is filled with precise, humorless people.”
“Maybe I should have suggested Paris?”
For a minute it seemed as if my change in travel plans would rate a solid “maybe”. But she said no again. When we woke up the next morning, she told me that she'd slept on my proposal. “I guess I was a little rude to you last night,” she explained. Meanwhile, I' m figuring I' m off the hook for this marriage thing for at least another eight years. I could afford to be generous.
“I asked, you said no. It's okay,” I said. I might have looked a little too relieved because later that day she gave me a little box. Inside was a gold watch. On the back was inscribed. “Yes. I've reconsidered.”

 I liked the watch, so I did the right thing.
1. The reason why the man had waited so long was that he_________.
[ A ] didn' t think eight years was long enough
[ B ] suspected that husband and wife would often quarrel
[ C ] didn' t think he was ready to propose to her
[ D ] was waiting for his mother-in-law' s approval
2. The man proposed to the woman because _________.
[ A] he realized he could find no other woman better
[ B ] he was afraid that the woman might leave him
[ C ] he was eager to visit Switzerland with the woman
[ D ] he could finally overcome his fear for marriage
3. By saying “I could afford to be generous.” (third paragraph from the bottom) the man implied that he__________.
[ A ] wouldn' t care too much if he stayed single
[ B ] could take her to a better place than Paris
[ C ] was rich enough to support his wife
[ D ] didn't care what she thought about his proposal
4. The last sentence “I did the right thing” implied he_________.
[ A ] traveled with his wife
[ B ] had a successful marriage
[ C ] liked the watch very much              
[ D ] waited for another eight years
5. The best title for this text would be___________.
[ A ] How My Mother-In-Law Helped Me
[ B ] How I Received a Gold Watch I Liked
[ C ] How I Made My Wife Travel With Me                                
[ D ] How I Came to Marry-My Wife
Passage Two
“Hi there. How's it going?”
“Oh, fine. Fine. How about this weather, huh ?”
“Well, I guess we can always use the rain.”
What's that? This story ? Oh, just a little look at small talk. You know, those seemingly meaningless conversations you have dozens of times a day, Maybe you' re waiting for the elevator.
Or in a line at the bank. It all seems pretty trivial. Idle chatter about traffic doesn’t do much more than fill the air with empty words that are quickly forgotten. But you should know that small talk actually has a big place in our lives.
Pat Oliver, assistant professor on arts, says that, “Left unchecked, small talk can be an invasion. It's so powerful. It does something to you.” “Every morning after spending an hour and a half on the freeway I start the day with small talk with my secretary,” Oliver says, “If I don't make small connection with another person, I can' t work.”
What causes it? As a rule, you' re either trying to force something into your life, or you' re using conversation as an invisible force field to keep them out. You can be wanting to connect with another person, and small talk is your introduction to more meaningful conversation.
The way people use small talk is usually determined by where they happen to be at the time.
Take the elevator, for instance. Now there's prime territory. Nobody knows anyone and there's no reason to start a conversation, but invariably, someone does. Making conversation in such peaceful social settings, according to Oliver, “can confirm your territory. It's a way of feeling liked and accepted.”
The topics of small talk don't matter. In fact, you don't want anything more taxing than the weather or the traffic. It's non-threatening talk in a threatening situation. However, the rules change quickly when you're with lots of people doing lots of talking.
Let's say you're at a party. Now it' s time to use small talk as a way of making others feel more comfortable around you, so you don' t look silly standing by the food table alone all night.
6. “Small talk”, as interpreted by the author,________.
[ A ] has no real function in communication at all
[ B ] is usually meaningless and therefore useless
[ C ] is not as idle as it may seem to be
[ D ] is restricted to certain topics only
7. According to the author, small talk is often used ____________.
[ A ] to invade other' s private affairs
[ B ] to share a secret between intimate friends
[ C ] to open and maintain channels of communication
[ D ] to protect one' s own privacy
8. According to the author, topics of small talk may include comments on________.
[ A ] some political issues
[ B ] one' s physical condition
[ C ] other' s ways of dress
[ D ] the traffic jam
9. Why is small talk described as “non-threatening talk in a threatening situation”?
[ A] It is used by people to encourage those who are confronted with danger.
[ B ] It is used to show that one is enthusiastic and hospitable.
[ C ] It is used to create a more friendly atmosphere and to avoid embarrassment.
[ D ] It is used by people to protect others in the threatening situation.
10. According to the author, at a big party, small talk is used with the purpose of_______.
[ A ] making both others and yourself feel at ease
[ B ] excluding those you don't like from joining you
[ C ] keeping your voice low so only your friends can hear you
[ D ] comforting those who feel lonely

Passage Three
Dollars and cents are the basic units of American money. The back of all dollar bills are green (hence “greenbacks”). The commonly used coins are: one cent (penny ), five cents (nickel), 10 cents(dime), and 25 cents (quarter). 50 pieces (half dollar) and silver dollars (not really silver anymore) are gaining in usage, while there has been talk of phasing out the penny that's inflation for you. “Always carry plenty of quarters when travelling. Very useful for phones, soda machines, laundry machines, etc.”
There is generally no problem in using US dollars in Canada, but this is never possible in reverse.
It's useful always to carry small change for things like exact fare buses, but do not carry large sums of cash. Instead keep the bulk of your money in travellers' cheques which can be purchased both in the US and abroad and should be in dollar denominations. The best known cheques are those of American Express, so you will have the least difficulty cashing these, even in out of the way places. Thomas Cook travellers' cheques are also acceptable, especially as lost ones can be reclaimed at some car rental companies. Dollar denomination cheques can be used like regular money. There's no need to cash them at a bank: use them instead to pay for meals, supermarket purchases or whatever. Ten or twenty dollar cheques are accepted like this almost always and you' 11 be given change just as though you'd presented the cashier with dollar bills. Be prepared to show I.D. when you cash your cheques.
Credit cards can be even more valuable than travellers' cheques, as they are often used to guarantee room reservations over the phone and are accepted in lieu of deposit when renting a car--indeed without a credit card you may be considered so untrustworthy that not only a deposit but your passport will be held as security too. The major credit cards are VISA, Master Charge and Access, Diners Club and American Express. If you hold a bank card, it could well be worthwhile
to increase your credit limit for travel purposes--you should ask your bank manager.
11. Why is it useful to carry enough 25-cent coins with you?
[ A ] They can act as small change for the-exact bus fares.
[ B ] There is- generally no problem in using them in Canada.
[ C ] As a basic unit of money, they are gradually gaining in usage.
[ D ] They may come in handy for pay phones or laundry machines.
12. It is not necessary to carry cash instead of dollar travellers' cheques because the latter can be ________.
[ A ] used for phones, bus fares and hotel reservations
[ B ] used to pay in restaurants and big stores
[ C ] used like credit cards, even in remote areas
[ D ] exchanged easily, even at car rental companies
13. The phrase ‘in lieu of’ (line 2, paragraph 4) most probably means________.
[ A ] on behalf of
[ B ] in line with
[ C ] with regard to
[ D ] instead of
14. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
[ A ] Credit cards have more advantages than travellers' cheques.
[ B ] Dollar bills are as convenient as credit cards.
[ C ] One-cent coins have been withdrawn from circulation.
[ D ] You can increase your credit limit as you like.
15. This passage is most probably taken from
[ A ] a tourist guide
[ B ] a bank brochure
[ C ] a booklet about car rental
[ D ] a handbook on U.S. currency
IV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. (10%)

Loftily   crinkly   awfully  disappointed
sorrowfully  nonchalantly  superior
  1. When I asked for help, he just smiled _____ and turned away.
  2. The little woman said _____ that she had been deceived.
  3. “He looks _____ glad to see you,” said Mary Ann.
  4. My shirts were all ____ when I got them out of the suitcase.
  5. He treated me _____ when I visited him.

V. Word Formation. (10%)
Direction: Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given word in the bracket.
1. If someone has lost hope, he is __________.  (heart)
2. If somebody behaves badly, he will pay for his __________ (conduct) some day.
3. If you have borrowed money from your friend, you must remember to __________
(pay) it.
4. If you feel tired after a day's work, a hot bath may __________ (fresh)  you.
5. If you make the same mistake again and again you are __________ (cure).
VI. Translation. (25’)
Directions: Translate each of the following sentences into English.
1. 中央政府很重视全面对外开放,不仅开放沿海城市,也开放内地。
2. 我们下周举行一轮会谈,集中讨论一些技术性问题。
3. 由于越狱囚犯还逃窜在外,警方正在各火车战附近小旅馆搜查。 
4. 还算幸运,他们没有把你一切所有的偷走。 
5. 计算机是最有用的教学工具之一,所有的问题和答案都可在屏幕上显示出来。


Key to paper 7
Part I:
1-5: ABCAB      6-10:  ABDDD

Part II:
1-5: CBAAB      6-10: DCBAA     11-15: AABCB

Part III:
1-5: CAABD    6-10: CCDCA    11-15: DBDAB

Part IV:
1. loftily   2. sorrowfully   3. awfully   4. crinkly   5. nonchalantly

Part V:
1. disheartened  2.  misconduct  3.  repay  4.  refresh   5.  incurable

Part VI:
1. The central government focuses a lot of attention on opening the country up to the outside world in all directions, including coastal cities and interior areas.
2. We will hold another round of talk next week focusing on some technical problems.
3. As the escaped convict was still on run the police were searching all the small hotels near the railway station.
4. You were lucky that they didn't rob you of all you had.
5. The computer is one of the most useful teaching aids, and all the problems and answers can be showed on its screen. 

Test 8参考答案
I. Vocabulary and Grammar. (10%)
Direction: There are 10 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
1.The man in ____ clothes is the GM.
A. clear    B. certain   C. plain    D. common

2. Older people always enjoy the ____ of their relatives.
A. company    B. accompaniment    C. companion    D. compassion

3. With so much evidence against him he had to     his error.
A. admit     B. recognize     C. confess     D. acknowledge

  1. A sound forest economy      the prosperity of agriculture and rural life.

A. advances    B. promotes    C. progresses    D. proceeds

  1. He was a     writer on political economy and is mentioned in Macaulay's "History of England.

A. plentiful     B. abundant     C. capable    D. many
6. Whenever I met him, _____________ was fairly frequent, ___________ I liked his sweet and hopeful smile.
A. which ...不填 B that ... that C. it ... that  D. what ... 不填

7.I don't know what illness he suffered from, but I do remember he mentioned ___ in hospital last year.
A. to have been B . to be  C. having been  D. being

8. Entering the room, I found my father __ at the desk and ___ something .
A. seat... write B. seated ... wrote C. seated ... writing D. seating ... writing

9. ____ they will send us an invitation is not yet known, __we hope they sill.
A. If... write B. That so C. When ... yet  D. Whether ... but

10. Nancy isn't here. It's my mistake. I forgot all about____ her.
A. telephoning B. to telephone C. to telephone to D. the telephone to

II. Cloze. (15%)
Direction: Decide which of the choice given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
After 20 years of marriage, a husband may still not understand his wife. How is it that she is never at a loss for words? How can she recall the names of a couple they met on  1  years ago? Now we know  2  to tell him: it's her brain.
Although there are obviously cultural   3   for the differences in emotions and behavior, present breakthrough research reveals that the   4  of many puzzling differences between men and women may  5  in the head. Men's and women's brains  6   much in common, but they are definitely not the same  7   size, structure or insight. Broadly speaking, a woman's brain, like her body, is ten to fifteen per cent smaller than a man's,  8   the regions dedicated to language may be more densely 9  with brain cells.
Girls generally speak earlier and read faster. The reason may be  10  females use both sides of the brain when they read. In  11 , males rely only on the left side.
At every age, women' s memories   12   men' s, They have a greater ability to  associate names with faces than men do, and they are  13   at recalling list. The events people remember best are those that an emotion is attached to.   14   women use more of their right brains, which   15   emotions, they may do this automatically.
While we don't yet know what all these findings imply, one thing is clear: male and female brains do the same things, but they do them differently.
1. [ A ] festival      [ B ] event            [ C ] occasion        [ D ] holiday
2. [ A ] what          [ B ] how              [ C ] when            [ D ] where
3. [ A ] senses        [ B ] reasons          [ C ] purposes        [ D ] meanings
4. [ A ] bottom        [ B ] basis            [ C ] root            [ D ] stem
5. [ A ] hide          [ B ] set              [ C ] fix             [ D ] lie
6. [ A ] have          [ B ] share            [ C ] divide          [ D ] store
7. [ A ] in            [ B ] at               [ C ] with            [ D ] for
8. [ A ] yet           [ B ] hence            [ C ] thus            [ D ] then
9. [ A ] wrapped       [ B ] rested           [ C ] gathered        [ D ] packed
10. [ A ] which         [ B ] why              [ C ] that            [ D ] whether
11. [ A ] fact          [ B ] contrast         [ C ] addition        [ D ] consequence
12. [ A ] top           [ B ] match            [ C ] equal           [ D ] challenge
13. [ A ] shier         [ B ] better           [ C ] keener          [ D ] easier
14. [ A ] Since         [ B ] While            [ C ] Although        [ D ] Unless
15. [ A ] process       [ B ] promote          [ C ] perceive        [ D ] produce

III. Reading comprehension (30%)
Direction: In this section there are three passages followed by 15 questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet.

Passage one:
Fifteen years ago, I entered the Boston Globe, which was a temple to me then. It wasn’t easy getting hired. But once you were there, I found, you were in.
Globe jobs were for life-guaranteed until retirement. For 15 years I had prospered there — moving from an ordinary reporter to foreign correspondent and finally to senior editor. I would have a lifetime of security is I struck with it. Instead, I had made a decision to leave. I entered my boss’s office. Would he rage? I wondered. He had a famous temper. “Matt, we have to have a talk,” I began awkwardly. “I came to the Globe when I was twenty-four. Now I’m forty. There’s a lot I want to do in life. I’m resigning.” “To another paper?” he asked. I reached into my coat pocket, but didn’t say anything. I handed him a letter that explained everything. It said that I was leaving to start a new media company. We were at a rare turning point in history. I wanted to be directly engaged in the change. “I’m glad for you,” he said, quite out of my expectation. “I just came from a board of directors meeting and it was seventy-five percent discouraging news. Some of that we can deal with. But much of it we can’t, ” he went on. “I wish you all the luck in the world,” he concluded. “And if it doesn’t work out, remember, your star is always high here.”
Then I went out of his office, walking through the newsroom for more good-byes. Everybody was saying congratulations. Everybody — even though I’d be risking all on an unfamiliar venture: all the financial security I had carefully built up.
Later, I had a final talk with Bill Taylor, chairman and publisher of the Boston Globe. He had turned the Globe into a billion-dollar property. “I’m resigning, Bill, ”I said. He listened while I gave him the story. He wasn’t looking angry or dismayed either. After a pause, he said, “Golly, I wish I were in your shoes.”
1. From the passage we know that the Globe is a famous _______.
[A] newspaper     [B] magazine
[C]temple        [ D ] church

2. If the writer stayed with the Globe _________.
[ A] he would be able to realize his lifetime dreams.
[ B] he would let his long-cherished dreams fade away.
[ C ] he would never have to worry about his future life.
[ D] he would never be allowed to develop his ambitions.

3. The writer wanted to resign because _________.
[A] he had serious trouble with his boss.
[ B ] he got underpaid at his job for the Globe.
[ C ] he wanted to be engaged in the new media industry.
[ D ] he had found a better paid job in a publishing house.

4. When the writer decided to resign the Globe was faced with _______.
[ A ] a trouble with its staff members
[ B ] a shortage of qualified reporters
[ C ] an unfavorable business situation
[ D ]an uncontrollable business situation

5. By “:I wish I were in your shoes.” (in the last paragraph) Bill Taylor meant that _______.
[ A ] the writer was to fail.
[ B] the writer was stupid
[ C ] he would do the same if possible
[D] he would reject the writer’s request

Passage two:
Do you find it very difficult and painful to get up in the morning? This might be called laziness, but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle.
During the hours when your labor through your work you may say that you’re “hot”. That’s true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues as: “Get up, Peter! You’ll be late for work again!” The possible explanation to the trouble is that Peter is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has.
You can’t change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit if better. Habit can help, Dr. Kleitman believes. Maybe you’re sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway. Counteract your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to. If your energy is low in the morning, but you have an important to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won’t change your cycle, but you’ll get up steam and work better at your low point.
Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. Get up with a leisurely yawn and stretch. Sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor. Avoid the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. Whenever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and save requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours.
6. If a person finds getting up early a problem, most probably ________.
[A] he is a lazy person.
[ B ] he refuses to follow his own energy cycle.
[C] he is not sure when his energy is low.
[D] he is at his peak in the afternoon or evening.

7. Which of the following may lead to family quarrels according to the passage?
[AJ Unawareness of energy cycles.
[B] Familiar monologues.
[C]A change in a family member’s energy cycle.
[D] Attempts to control the energy cycle of other family members.

8. If one wants to work efficiently at his low point in the morning, he should __________.
[A]change his energy cycle
[B] overcome his laziness
[C]get up earlier than usual
[D] go to bed earlier

9. You are advised to rise with a yawn and stretch because it will __________.
[A] help to keep your energy for the day’s work.
[B] help you to control your temper early in the day
[C] enable you to concentrate on your routine work
[D] keep your energy cycle under control all day

10. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
[A] Getting off to work with a minimum effort helps save one’s energy.
[B] Dr. Kletman explains why people reach their peaks at different hours of day.
[C] Habit helps a person adapt to his own energy cycle.
[D] Children have energy cycles, too.

Passage three:
Statuses are marvelous human inventions that enable us to get along with one another and to determine where we"fit"in society.As we go about our everyday lives,we mentally attempt to place people in terms of their statuses.For example,we must judge whether the person in the library is a reader or a librarian,whether the telephone caller is a friend or a salesman,whether the unfamiliar person on our property is a thief or a meter reader,and so on.
The statuses we assume often vary with the people we encounter and change throughout life.Most of us can,at very high speed,assume the statuses that various situations require.Much of social interaction consists of identifying and selecting among appropriate statuses and allowing other people to assume their statuses in relation to us.This means that we fit our actions to those of other people based on a constant mental process of appraisal and interpretation.Although some of us find the task more difficult than others,most of us perform it rather effortlessly.
A status has been compared to ready-made clothes.Within certain limits the buyer choose style and fabric.But an American is not free to choose the costume of a Chinese peasant or that of a Hindu prince.We must choose from among the clothing presented by fit,as well as by our pocketbook.Having made a choice from minor adjustments,we tend to be limited to what the stores choice among them is limited.

11.In the first paragraph,the writer tells us that statuses can help us _______ .
A)determine whether a person is fit for a certain job
B)behave appropriately in relation to other people
C)protect ourselves in unfamiliar situations
D)make friends with other people

12.According to the writer,people often assume different statuses _______ .
A)in order to identify themselves with others
B)in order to better identify others
C)as their mental processes change
D)as the situation changes

13.The word "appraisal" most probably means _______.

14.In the last sentence of the second paragraph,the pronoun "it" refers to" _______".
A)fitting our actions to those of other people appropriately
B)identification of other people's statuses
C)selecting one's own statuses
D)constant mental process

15.By saying that" an American is not free to choose the costume of a Chinese peasant or that of a Hindu prince",the writer means _______.
A)different people have different styles of clothes
B)ready-made clothes may need alterations
C)statuses come ready made just like clothes
D)our choice of statuses is limited

IV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. (10%)

Institution    outline    mark   efficiency
trait   capacity   endeavor

1. The climbing of Mt. Qomolangma was an outstanding example of human ____.
2. Her ____ to remember facts is remarkable.
3. She is well known for her possession of high _____.
4. This is an ____ of the main points of the talk.
5. Before 1959, serfdom was an _____ in Xizang.

V. Word Formation. (10%)
Direction: Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given word in the bracket.
1. Kenneth gave the child a ______ of sweets. (hand)
2. If something cannot be thought, it is literally _____. (think)
3. He ducked ______ as the bullet whistled past his head. (instinct)
4. High school _______ grew because more and more students regarded additional schooling as the key to succeeding in an industrialized society. (attend)
5. It is uneasy for people to ______ those habits and traits which are the marks of an educated man. (acquisition)

VI. Translation. (25’)
Directions: Translate each of the following sentences into English.

  1. 虽然上海等沿海城市仍然是许多外国投资者的首选目标,但越来越多的美国公司却纷纷涌入中国的内地省份。
  2. 据说美国是一个由汽车驱动的国家,美国人实际上是一个生活在轮子上的民族。
  3. 在道路上开车,司机必须将自己的行车速度控制在标牌规定的限速内。
  4. 精确地使用母语是有教养的人的第一个特性。
  5. 有理性的人本能地知道,什么事情该做,什么事情不该做。


Key to paper 8

Part I:
1-5:  CADBB    6-10: ACCDA

Part II:
1-5: DABCD   6-10: AACDC    11-15: BABAA

Part III:
1-5: ACCCC   6-10: DACAB   11-15: BDCAD

Part IV:
1. endeavor   2. capacity   3. efficiency   4. outline   5. institution 

Part V:
1. handful  2. unthinkable  3. instinctively   4. attendance    5. acquire                 

Part VI:

  1. A growing number of American firms have been pouring into China’s inand provinces, although coastal cities such as Shanghai are still among their first choices of investment with many foreign investors.
  2. It is said America is a country driven by automobiles, and Americans are actually a people living on wheels.
  3. Drivers have to drive under a posted speed limit on some roads.
  4. The first trait of the educated man is precision in his mother tongue.
  5. A person with reason instinctively knows what he should do and what he should not do.


Test 9参考答案
I. Vocabulary and Grammar. (10%)
Direction: There are 10 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
1. Don’t be that serious; he is a ___ Child.
A) fair    B)mere   C)rare   D)slender

2. I’m sorry to have taken up too much of your ___ time.
A) worthy    B) valuable    C) valueless    D) struck

3. I'm sorry to     you, but can you direct me to the railway station?
A) annoy    B) bother    C) irritate   D) angry

4. Although the town had been ___ several times, little damage was done.
A) attacked     B)injured    C)harmed    D)struck

  1. As a flexible actor, he can perform, sing, dance and play several kinds of musical      .

A) equipment   B) facilities   C) instruments   D) tools

6.The salary of a taxi driver is much higher ___.
A)than a worker           B)than that of a work
C)to compare as a worker    D)in comparison with a teacher

7. If ___ to a high temperature, ice will change to water.
A) heating     B)being heated     C)to heat    D)heated

8. We didn’t know his telephone number; otherwise we ___ him.
A)would have called   B)must have called   C)would call   D) had call

9. I still cannot figure ___ the sum I require.
A) for     B)in    C)out    D)over

10.___ should any money be given to a small child.
A)On no account     B)Of no account
C)From all accounts   D)By all account

II. Cloze. (15%)
Direction: Decide which of the choice given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
More than forty thousand readers told us that they looked for in close friendships, what they expected of friends, what they were willing to give in 1, and how satisfied they were 2 the quality of their friendships. The expectations give little comfort to social critics.
Friendship 3 to be a unique form of individual bonding. Unlike marriage or the ties that 4 parents and children, it is not defined or regulated by 5. Unlike other social roles that we are expected to 6—as citizens, employees, members of professional societies and 7 organizations—it has its own principle, which is to promote 8 of warmth, trust, love, and affection 9 two people.
The survey on friendship appeared in the March 10 of Psychology Today. The findings 11 that issues of trust and betrayal(背叛)are 12 to friendship. They also suggest that our readers do not 13 for friends only among those who are 14 like them, but find many 15 differ in race, religion, and ethnic(种族的)background. Arguably the most important conclusion that emerges from the data, however, is not something that we found—but what we did not.
1.A.addition   B. reply   C. turn   D. return
2.A.about     B. of     C. with   D. by
3.A.feels      B. leads   C. sounds   D. appears
4.A.bind     B. attach    C. control   D. attract
5.A.discipline   B. law   C. rule   D. regulation
6.A.keep     B. do      C. show   D. play
7.A.all      B. any     C. other    D. those
8.A.friendship   B. interests   C. feelings   D. impressions
9.A.between    B. on     C. in      D. for
10.A.print     B. issue    C. publication    D. copy    B. assure   C. confirm     D. resolve
12.A.neutral   B. main    C. nuclear     D. central
13.A.ask     B. call      C. appeal      D. look
14.A.most    B. more     C. least       D. less
15.A.people   B. who     C. what     D. friends

III. Reading comprehension (30%)
Direction: In this section there are three passages followed by 15 questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet.
Passage One:
Most Americans don’t like to get advice from members of their family. When they need advice, they don’t usually ask people they know. Instead many Americans write letters to newspapers and magazines which give advice on many different subjects, including family problems, sex, the use of language, health, cooking, child care, clothes, and how to buy a house or a car.
Most newspapers regularly print letters from readers with problems. Along with the letters there are answers written by people who are supposed to know how to solve such problems. Some of these writers are doctors; others are lawyers or educators. But two of the most famous writers of advice are women without special training for these kinds of work. One of them answers letters addressed to “Dear Abby”. The other is addressed as “Dear Ann Landers”. Experience is their preparation for giving advice. There is one writer who hasn’t lived long enough to have much experience. She is a girl named Angel Cavaliere, who started writing advice for newspaper readers at the age of ten. Her advice to young readers now appears regularly in the Philadelphia Bulletin in a column called DEAR ANGEL.
1. What are most Americans usually do if they need advice? 
A) They usually ask their family members for it. 
B) They often ask their friends for it. 
C) They usually write to a newspaper or magazine. 
D) They often write to their friends at newspaper. 

2. According to the passage, what is NOT included in the problems? 
A) How to solve the problem with Father. 
B) How to use English. 
C) Where to go for a picnic. 
D) How to take care of a young baby. 

3. Who will answer the readers’ questions? 
A) Doctors. 
B) Lawyers or educators. 
C) Dear Abby or Dear Ann Landers 
D) People who are supposed to know how to solve such problems. 

4. According to the passage, two of the most famous writers of advice are ___. 
A) Dear Abby and Dear Angel 
B) Dear Ann Landers and Dear Angel 
C) male writers 
D) female writers 

5. Which is NOT true according to the passage? 
A) Dear Angel is ten years old now. 
B) Dear Angel is a girl. 
C) Dear Angel gives advice to young readers. 
D) Dear Angel does not have much experience. 
Passage Two:
John F. Kennedy was the youngest American to be elected president of the United States. During the World War II John F. Kennedy had an outstanding record in the Navy. After the war Kennedy worked briefly as a newspaperman, then entered politics. He was three times elected to the House of Representatives before becoming a senator from Massachusetts. In 1960 he was elected president in a very close race in which there were charges of irregularities.
Kennedy’s term of office was marked by the achievements in appeals to idealism,a broad participation of people in politics, and improved civil rights. In international affairs, Kennedy saw the failure of the American-backed invasion of Cuban missile crisis which brought Russia and the United States to the brink of war.
The Kennedy family has experienced victories and tragedy. One of John Kennedy’s sisters was mentally backward and an old brother was killed in the war. John Kennedy was assassinated — as was his brother, Robert Kennedy. The family has suffered scandals of sex, alcohol, and drugs in both John’s generation and in this present generation. Many believe that for the young, wealth and a prominent family too much, too soon, too easy are more of a curse than a help.

6.According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A)He was the youngest American elected president.
B)He was the richest American elected president.
C)He became president because he fought in the World War II.
D)He became president because his family had suffered scandals.

7.Before he became American president, John Kennedy ___.
A)kept a record of events in the Navy
B)was the owner of a newspaper
C)was three times elected to the House of Representatives
D)studied law in the university

8.We learn from the second paragraph that ___.
A)when Kennedy was the president, he made some outstanding achievements
B)Kennedy failed his duty as the president of the United States
C)with Kennedy as the president, fewer people concerned themselves with state affairs
D) in Kennedy’s time, the United States, Russia and Cuba all had some problems

9.According to the passage, which of the following is FALSE?
A) John Kennedy’s elder brother was killed in the war.
B) John Kennedy was assassinated by his brother Robert Kennedy.
C) One of Kennedy’s sisters was slow in her mental development.
D) Kennedy family has suffered scandals for generations

10.What can we learn from this passage?
A) Kennedy was a good president.
B) If you experience victories, tragedy will surely fall on you.
C) The Kennedy family was rich because John Kennedy was the president.
D) Family fame, wealth and social position may not necessarily be beneficial.

Passage Three
The food we eat seems to have profound effects on our health. Although science has made enormous steps in making food more fit to eat, it has , at the same time, made many foods unfit to eat. Some research has shown that perhaps eighty percent of cancer is related to the diet as well, especially cancer of the colon . Different cultures are more prone to contract certain illnesses because of the food that is characteristic in these cultures. That food related to illness is not a new discovery. In 1945 , government researchers realized that nitrates and nitrites, commonly used to preserve color in meats, and other food additives, caused cancer. Yet, these carcinogenic additives remain in our food, and it becomes more difficult all the time to know which things on the packaging labels of processed food are helpful or harmful.
The additives which we eat are not all so direct. Farmers often give penicillin to beef and poultry, and because of this, penicillin has been found in the milk of treated cows. Sometimes similar drugs are administered to animals not for medicinal purposes, but for financial reasons. The farmers are simply trying to fatten the animals in order to obtain a higher price on the market. Although the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has tried repeatedly to control these procedures, the practices continue.
11. What is the main topic of the passage?
A. Food and our health     B Food and additives
C. Food and cancer        D Food and culture

12 All of the following statements are true EXCEPT_______.
A Forty percent of cancer is caused by problems related to food.
B Researchers have known about the potential danger of food additives for many years
C. We eat some of the food additives directly and some indirectly
D Drugs are always given to animals for medicinal purposes

13. Why do farmers give drugs to their animals?
A. to speed up the growth of animals    B To make the animals fatter
C to make the animals’ meat fit to eat    D To make the animals’ meat rich in nutrients

14. It can be inferred from the passage that_________.
A scientist have made all the food fit to eat
B only in recent years have people found that the food is related to one’s illness
C all kinds of cancer are related to the diet
D some additives are harmful to our health

15. The word “ this” in the second sentence of paragraph 2 most probably refers to __________.
A farmer
B penicillin
C beef and poultry
D the fact that farmers often give penicillin to a beef

IV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. (10%)

commercial  potential  drive   marvel
access   version   phenomenon
  1. The policeman gained ____ to the club by disguising himself as gambler.
  2. This dress is a cheaper _____ of the one we saw in that shop.
  3. Snow in Egypt is almost an unknown _____.
  4. This new invention has enormous sales _____.
  5. Radio ____ are less expensive than TV _____.

V. Word Formation. (10%)
Direction: Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given word in the bracket.

  1. Fruit is always ____ in summer here. (plenty)
  2. Is there any difference between egoism and _____. (self)
  3. There is other evidence that something ____ is underway. (intrigue)
  4. Don’t put on any more of that perfume, Julie. It’s ___ stuff. (head)
  5. The new published books will be soon ____ the public. (access)

VI. Translation. (25’)
Directions: Translate each of the following sentences into English.

  1. 调查结果表明,公众中大部分人认为艾滋病患者应该被隔离开来。
  2. 当人们意识到自己是在冒多么大的风险时,他们显然会愿意改变自己的行为。
  3. 当人们看不到自己的所作所为有何不良后果时,要让人们意识到问题的严重性会难得多。

4. 这些只是目前存在的有关因特网的部分问题,比如带宽缺乏、人机互动不够和现行的经济模式等。
5. 我们都希望迅速、方便地获得我们所需要的各种信息。

Key to paper 9

Part I:
1-5: BBBAC    6-10: BDACA

Part II:
1-5: DCDAB   6-10: DCCAB   11-15: CDDAB

Part III:
1-5: CCDDA     6-10: ACABD    11-15:  ADBDD
Part IV:
1. access   2. version   3. phenomenon   4. potential   5. commercials

Part V:
1. plentiful   2. selfishness   3. intriguing   4. heady   5. accessible

Part VI:

  1. Surveys show that a majority of the public believes AIDS victims should be segregated.
  2. People were obviously willing to change their behavior when they were made to realize how severe a risk they were taking.
  3. It is certainly harder to reach people when they do not see the consequences of what they are doing right around them. 
  4. These, such as lack of bandwidth, low interactivity, the current economic mode and so on, are just a short list of the current problems associated with the Internet.

5.  We all hope to access various information we need quickly and conveniently.





Test 10参考答案
I. Vocabulary and Grammar. (10%)
Direction: There are 10 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
1. The customs ____ to these tribes attracted much of the travelers' attention.
A. special   B. peculiar   C. particular  D. concrete

2. We didn't wait long before the taxi _____ in front of the hotel located in the downtown area.
A. pulled out  B. pulled up  C. pulled off  D. pulled down

3. Is there a French word that is the exact ____ of the English word 'home'?
A. equality   B. equivalent  C. counterpart  D. similarity

4. It's a ____ you didn't lose your way in the dark.
A. mystery   B. secret     C. possibility   D. wonder

5. Do you call this ____ beer?
A. staff    B. matter  C. stuff  D. character

6. She listened carefully _____ she might discover exactly what he wanted.
A. so as that    B. in case    C. providing    D. in order that 

7. I remember her and her brother _____ to our office.
A. coming    B. to come    C. come    D. to have come

8. I don't think anyone can accuse her _____ not being frank.
A. with    B. in    C. of    D. at

9._____ , the people in the flooded areas could not have rebuilt their homes.
A. If the Party didn't offer its timely help
B. Hadn't the Party offered its timely help
C. Should the Party offered its timely help
D. If the Party offered its timely help

10. The moon shines brightly, as if it _____ light by itself.
A. gave off    B. gave away    C. gave up    D. gave in

II. Cloze. (15%)
Direction: Decide which of the choice given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.

Grandma Moses is among the most celebrated twentieth-century painters of the United States, yet she had barely started painting before she was in her late seventies. As she once spoken __1_ herself:" I would never sit back in a rocking chair,__2_ for some to help me. "No one could have a more productive old age. 
She was born Anna Mary Robertson _3__ a farm in New York State, one of five boys and girls.("We came in bunches, like radishes.") At twelve she left home and was __4_ domestic service until ,at twenty-seven, she _5__ Thomas Moses, one of the hired hands of her employers. They farms most of their _6__,first in Virginia and then in New York State, at Eagle Bridge. She had ten children, of _7__ five survived; her husband died in 1927. 
Grandma Moses _8__ a little as a child and made embroidery pictures as a _9__, but only switched to oil in old age because her hands become too stiff __10_, and she wanted to keep busy and pass the time. Her _11__ were first sold at the local drugstore and at a fair, and were soon spotted by a dealer who bought everything _12__ she painted. Three of the pictures were exhibition in the museum of Modern Art, and in 1940 she had her first exhibition in New York .__13_ the 1930s and her death she produced some 2000 pictures; detailed and lively portrayals of the _14__ life she had known for so long ,with a marvelous _15__ of color and form." I think real hard till think of something real pretty, and then I pain it." she said. 
1) A about    B of    C on    D over 
2) A waiting    B to waiting    C and writing    D am writing 
3) A in    B at    C on    D about 
4) A for   B in    C at     D under 
5) A married with   B married to   C marry   D married 
6) A life    B live    C lives    D lifes 
7) A whom    B which    C that    D who 
8) A worked   B read      C studied   D painted 
9) A job    B fun    C hobby    D interest 
10) A sewing    B to sew    C to sewing    D to be sewing 
11) A books    B pictures    C arts    D clothes 
12) A which    B who    C whom    D that 
13) A for    B in    C during    D between 
14) A urban   B town    C rural    D suburban 
25) A feeling   B sense    C consciousness    D feature
III. Reading comprehension (30%)
Direction: In this section there are three passages followed by 15 questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet.

Passage 1
In the past, operations were difficult. Until the middle of the eighteen fifties, surgery was very dangerous. Many patients died after even the smallest operations. This was because bacteria entered the cuts in the patients’ bodied and started infection. In some countries, up to 90 percent of patients died from infection after operations. In 1865, however, Joseph Lister, a British surgeon, found an answer to the problem. He used an “antiseptic” during and after operations. This killed the dangerous bacteria and most of his patients lived. Since then, surgeons have used antiseptics in all operations.
Surgery has developed in many important ways since the day of Joseph Lister. Today, when patients go to hospital for an operation, they can expect the best treatment, in clean and hygienic conditions.
1. Operations were difficult and dangerous until_______.
B. the middle of 1850
C. the middle of the fifties of the eighteenth century
D. the middle of the fifties of the nineteenth century

2. In the passage, surgery means__________.
A. The performing of an operation       B. cure
C. treatment                         D. medicine

3. In the past, up to 90 percent of patients died after operations mainly because__________.
A. bacteria entered the cuts in the patients’ bodies and infection took place
B. the conditions in hospitals were bad
C. the skill of surgeons was not so good
D. there were no good medicine at that time

4. Which topic of the following best suits the passage?
A. Operations were difficult in the past
B. The devotion of Joseph Lister to medical science
C. Surgery has become safer
D. Developments in surgery

5. Joseph Lister was________.
A. a Frenchman     B. a German    C. an Englishman    D. an American

Passage 2
Some 4000 Americans ambitions to become physicians are studying for their M. D. s abroad. Many were rejected by U.S. medical schools simply because there was no room. Last year, for example, some 13,000 of 35,000 would-be physicians who applied to U.S. schools were accepted. Of those who were turned down, well over 600 are trying the foreign route.
But gaining admittance to a good foreign school may be a problem. British medical schools give priority to Britons , and Canada’s world-renowned McGill University School of Medicine takes only a handful of well qualified Americans annually. But several schools do welcome U.S. medical students---if they can master the local language. More than 500 Americans are enrolled in the Belgian universities at Brussels and Louvain , for example. Some 800 attend the Italian University at Bologna; 175 at Rome. Mexico’s Autonomous University of Guadalajara numbers 1,300 gringos among its 4,000 students.
Despite difficulties abroad, many Americans complete their medical educations, and manage to win the respect of their professors and classmates. One second-year student at Louvain has a simple explanation for those successes: “ Anyone who comes here to be motivated. You have to learn a new language, the school is constant hard work, and it’s difficult to get back into the States to practice”.
Before they can intern or practice in the United States, graduates of foreign schools must pass a special examination required by medical-education authorities. The tough test is designed primarily to weed out those who are unable to speak English or whose medical education is not up to U.S. standards.
6. Which of the following is true about U.S. would-be physicians?
A. America medical schools have superfluous applicants
B. language is a big problem all the American students applying to foreign medical schools have to face.
C. Graduates from both American and foreign medical schools should take the same test before practice
D. As many as one-third of last year’s applicants of medical schools are now applying to foreign schools

7. Which is following is true about foreign medical education ?
A. A lot of foreign medical schools do not welcome U.S. students simply because they have to consider the applicants form their own countries first.
B. To enter foreign medical schools is much easier than to gain admittance into American medical schools if the problem of language is not regarded.
C. There are not many good foreign medical schools according to American students
D. There are so many difficulties in studying abroad that not many American students become successful in foreign medical schools

8. Which of the following is one of the difficulties the American students at foreign, medical schools have to face.
A. Living and medical conditions in foreign countries are not so good as those in America.
B. There is racial discrimination against them.
C. They are given no opportunities to practice at local places.
D. They are treated the same as foreign physicians and medical school graduates when trying to go back to America to practice.

9. What does the word “gringos” mean?
A. Americans.    B. Foreigners    C. Americans in Mexico    D. Mexicans

10. Which of the following can be the title of this passage?
A. Foreign Medical Schools.    B. Life at Foreign Medical Schools
C. The tough Foreign Route.    D. American Would-be Physicians at Foreign Schools.

Passage 3
Summers with father were always enjoyable. Swimming , hiking , boating , fishing—the days were not long enough to contain all of our activities. There never seemed to be enough time to go to church, which disturbed some friends and relations. Accused of neglecting this part of our education, my father instituted a summer school for my brother and me . However, his summer course included ancient history, which Papa felt our schools neglected ,and navigation, in which we first had a formal examination in the dining room, part of which consisted of tying several knots in a given time limit. Then we were each separately sent on what was grandly referred to as a cruise in my father’s 18-foot knockabout, spending the night on board, and loaded down, according to my mother, with enough food for a week. I remember that on my cruise I was required to formally plot our course, using the tide table, even though our goal was an island I could see quite clearly across the water in the distance.
11. What was the original reasons for holding the summer school?
A. Friends and relatives thought the children should learn religion
B The father wanted the children to learn more about religion
C. The children got poor grades in their regular school
D. The regular school teachers neglected the children

12 The purpose of the cruise mentioned in the passage was to ________.
A. have fun B. test the author’s sailing ability
C. reward the author for completing summer school D. get to the island

13. Why did the author have to plot the course of her cruise ?
A. She had to demonstrate her ability to do so.     B. The coast was dangerous.
C She was afraid of getting lost.               D. The tides were strong

14. How long did the author’s cruise last?
A. all summer      B. overnight
C. a week         D. one day, morning till night

15 Apparently a knockabout is _______.
A. an island    B a boat    C a cruise    D a seaman’s knot

IV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. (10%)

unscrupulous   colossal   constant   agreeable
ambitious   ceaseless  immortal

1. It is a ____ building which was completed last year.
2. The machinery requires ____ maintenance.
3. He performed many _____ deeds for the people.
4. He is an _____ young man, studying hard to be a scientist.
5. He became a millionaire by resorting to _____ methods.

V. Word Formation. (10%)
Direction: Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given word in the bracket.

  1. Hangzhou has always been one of the major tourist _____ of China. (attract)
  2. Where was that student’s request for a letter of ____? (recommend)
  3. Hollywood suggests ____ houses with vast palm-fringed swimming pools. (luxury)
  4. I’m afraid there is going to be another _____ of the currency soon. (value)
  5. Bill took a deep breath and started to ____ his problem with his company. (fold)

VI. Translation. (25’)
Directions: Translate each of the following sentences into English.

  1. 大多数中国人将工作视为能使自己成为团体一分子的必不可缺的条件。
  2. 这种看法基本正确,它反映了美国人的生活方式。
  3. 那时好莱坞就像一块磁铁,吸引全世界有抱负的年轻人来到这里。
  4. 南加州阳光充沛、气候宜人,成为拍摄电影的理想场所。
  5. 老板没有权利干涉员工的私事,无论什么时候都不能企图控制他的员工。

Key to paper 10
Part I:
1-5: BCCDC    6-10: DACBA 

Part II:
1-5: BACBD   6-10: CADCB   11-15: BDDCB

Part III:
1-5: BAADC    6-10: AADCC    11-15:ABABB    

Part IV:
1. colossal  2. constant  3. immortal  4. ambitious  5. inscrupulou

Part V:
attractions 2. recommendation  3. luxurious 4. devaluation 5. unfold

Part VI:
Most Chinese view work as essential for having membership in a community.
This is basically a correct view, which reflects something about the American way of life.
In those days Hollywood was like a magnet, drawing ambitious young men from all over the world.
The constant sunshine and agreeable climate of southern California made it an ideal site for shooting motion pictures.
The boss does not have the right to interfere in his employees’ private affairs, and he should attempt to keep a tight rein on his employees under no circumstance.  



Test 11参考答案
I. Vocabulary and Grammar. (10%)
Direction: There are 10 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
1. He proposed to _____ the house as it was when Poe lived in it.
A. save   B. rescue   C. preserve   D. conserve

2. With all the careful examinations, they were convinced that the picture was _____.
A. genuine   B. actual   C. real   D. true

3. This is one’s the few _____ schools in the region that most parents want to send their children to.
A. main   B. chief   C. key   D. few

4. I could see he was surprised from the _____ on his face.
A. appearance   B. shock   C. look   D. sight

5. There is a _____ of vegetables in Shanghai at the moment because of the old weather.
A. shortage   B. want   C. need   D. desire

6. A fireman discovered the ____ of the fire.
A. truth   B.. reason  C. cause D. fact

7. That young man has made so much noise that he ___ not have been allowed attend the concert.
A. could   B. must  C. would   D. should

8. "Would you like some more noodles ?"
"'No, thanks. I ____."
A. don't want to   B. can't eat   C.. am not hungry   D. I'm full

9.You may write to me or come to see me. ____ way will do
A. All  B. Both  C. One   D. Either

10. That was the first time I ____ England's coast
A. left  B. had left C. would leave  D. has left

II. Cloze. (15%)
Direction: Decide which of the choice given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.

In addition to their academic work, children in the United States are offered a wide range of activities in the after-school hours. 
They are designed to help _1__ their skills, ability and appreciation of life; to give them a chance to practice leadership and assume responsibilities;_2__ school courses; and to provide additional outlets and stimuli. There is often a _3__ of activities from which to choose, such as nature clubs, musical organizations, science clubs, art and drama groups, or language clubs. A _4__ selection of sport activities is always available. Virtually every school has a student-run newspaper; often a photographic darkroom is also _5__,some of these activities take place during the school day, but _6__ are held after classes are over._7__ they’re optional they are considered a part of the American educational experience. Parents encourage their children to participate in those program that best suit their own special talents and interests. Much is learned during these off-duty hours, especially in _8__ of human "give-and-take". Americans believe this _9__ human relationships, social skills and a well-trained body,_10__ intellectual development .Both _11__ and college admission officers in the United States carefully consider the extra curricular activities _12__ students have participated, both during their free time after school and also during the long holidays. These indicate to them something of a young person’s leadership potential enthusiasm, creativity,_13__ of interest, vitality and personality. They weigh these qualities, together with the academic record, in order to _14__ a student’s intelligence, perseverance and ability to use what he knows,_15__ merely repeating it by examination papers.
1) A broaden   B extend   C stretch   D concentrate 
2) A to supplement  B supplementing   C to support   D supporting 
3) A scale   B specimen   C ring   D range 
4) A deep   B long   C wide   D high 
5) A possible  B available   C probable   D capable 
6) A many   B few   C other   D some 
7) A Even though   B in case   C despite   D however 
8) A conditions   B terms   C condition   D term 
9) A included   B includes   C to include   D including 
10) A after all   B except for   C as well   D as well as 
11) A employers   B employees   C parents   D relatives 
12) A which   B that   C in that   D in which 
13) A bread   B butter   C width  D broad 
14) A assess   B assume   C assist   D assign 
15) A no more than   B rather than   C better than   D less than 

III. Reading comprehension (30%)
Direction: In this section there are three passages followed by 15 questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet.

Passage one:
A Reading is not the only way to gain knowledge of the work in the past. There is another large reservoir which may be called experience, and the college student will find that every craftsman has something he can teach and will generally teach gladly to any college student who does not look down upon them . The information from them differs from that in textbooks and papers chiefly in that its theoretical part -- the explanations of why things happen -- is frequently quite fantastic. But the demonstration and report of what happens , and how it happens are correct even if the reports are in completely unscientific terms . Presently the college student will learn, in this case also, what to accept and what to reject. One important thing for a college student to remember is that if Aristotle could talk to the fisherman, so can he.
Another source of knowledge is the vast store of traditional practices handed down from father to son , or mother to daughter, of old country customs, of folklore. All this is very difficult for a college student to examine, for much knowledge and personal experience is needed here to separate good plants from wild grass. The college student should learn to realize and remember how much of real value science has found in this wide, confused wilderness and how often scientific discoveries of what had existed in this area long age.  
1.In the last paragraph the phrase "this wide, confused wilderness" refers to _____.
A. personal experience   B. wild weeds among good plants
C. the information from the parents  D. the vast store of traditional practices

2. Which of the following statements is supported by the passage?
A. The college students have trouble separating good plants from wild grass
B. Craftsman's experience is usually unscientific
C. The contemptuous (傲慢 ) college students will receive nothing from craftsmen
D. Traditional practices are as important as experience for the college student

3. From this passage we can infer that ______.
A. we'll invite the craftsman to teach in the college
B. schools and books are not the only way to knowledge
C. scientific discoveries late based on personal experience
D. discoveries and rediscoveries are the most important source of knowledge for a
college student

4. The author advises the college student to ______ .
A. be contemptuous to the craftsman
B. be patient in helping the craftsman with scientific terms
C. learn the craftsman's experience by judging it carefully
D. gain the craftsman's experience without rejection

5. The main idea of this passage is about ________.
A . what to learn from the parents  B. how to gain knowledge
C. why to learn from craftsman   D. how to deal with experience
Passage two:
Water, water every where.
It lasted almost two months , but in August it ended. It left 45 people dead and $10 billion worth of damage in nine states of USA. It was quite a big Mississippi flood ever recorded.
In St.Louis, Missouri, 9,000 people were forced to leave their homes while the city was in danger. St. Louis is just downriver from the points where the Missouri and Illinois Rivers flow into the Mississippi. All three rivers were flooding. But the city escaped the worst when levees broke upriver. A levee is built of river sand and clay.
Eleven miles of flood walls were built in the late 1960's The walls are 18 inches thick and 5 to 22 feet high. They were designed to protect against a 52-foot flood. In St. Louis, water almost reached the top of flood walls. It measured 49.4 feet.

6.The flood referred to in the passage _____.
A. was the heaviest one in the history
B. happened in Missouri and Illinois states
C. happened in less than twenty percent of the states of U.S.A.
D. was recorded several times
7. The meaning of the sentence "But the city escaped the worst" is that _____.
A. many people escaped from the city
B. the flood attacked the city heavily
C. the flood did not attack the city at all
D. the city avoided the worst situation

8. The highest flood referred to in the passage was about ______.
A. 18 feet high    B. 5-22 feet high   C. nearly 50 feet high   D. 52 feet high
Passage three:
In hopes of becoming millionaires, many Filipinos began drinking more Pepsi. They hoped to get a bottle cap with the winning number on it. In May 1992, the number was announced: 349. Thousands rushed to get their reward with their bottle caps worth a million pesos (about US $ 40,000) each.
But Pepsi wouldn't pay. The company said there was a mistake. The numbers on the caps did not include a security code , so the caps were not really winners. Up to 800,000 bottle caps had the number 349.
Pepsi has spent millions of dollars on the problem. The company has paid 54 million pesos to real winners. It also paid 500 pesos for each No.349 cap without the security code.

9. Which of the following is not true?
A. All those who got the number of 349 got some money
B. All those who got the number of 349 didn't get the same amount of money
C. None of those who get the number of 349 wasn't rewarded
D. The company made a mistake so as to sell more Pepsi

10. From the passage we can guess that peso is _________.
A. the name of a person B. a kind of drink
C. the name of a company D. none of the above
Passage four:
In Cardiff I was put to work in furniture department at one of the local stores. It was large, fairly out of date, run, like its parent company in London, by a group of relatives. Being only a member of the store for a short time, I was in a very fortunate position. The others, particularly the older members of the store, were naturally asked to produce good sales figures. I was more of an observer. If I made a sale, I was pleased, but if I didn't, I would not be blamed. I was really there to observe and learn, and as I had no interest in making a position in the furniture business, I wasn't too diligent about that either.

One salesman in late middle age once expressed his insecurity by scolding me of trying to steal one of his customers . Nothing could have been further from the truth, but he demanded that I go to the stockroom with him to settle the matter. He was very small and thin, but to my surprise he started dancing about among the carpets and closets working his arms wildly and calling on me to 'put them up'. I couldn't put anything up ---I was too busy rolling on a four-foot six - inch spring mattress, helpless with laughter. Finally he saw the joke too, and we went off to the members' store for a conciliatory cup of tea. Several days later, I finally left the store. Thank God!

11. The furniture department was run by _____.
A. the author's parents          B. the author's relatives
C. some member of a big family   D. the local government

12. The shop in Cardiff ______.
A. was big and very modern   B. was old but beautiful
C. didn't sell furniture only    D. was famous in London

13. The author was lucky because ________.
A. sales figures were not important for him   B. he was younger than the others
C. he produced good sales figures          D. his pay was higher

14. One salesman thought that ______ .
A. the author was more of an observer than a real member of the store
B. what the author had said was far from the truth
C. the author tried to get a person to buy the furniture dishonestly
D. the writer destroyed a four-foot six - inch spring mattress

15. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
A. The author only stayed in the shop for a short time because he was not interested
in business.
B. The author felt light - hearted when he left the shop.
C. The author was punished for stealing money from the customer.
D. The author was asked to put up the carpets.
IV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. (10%)

sell out   stand for   consist of   ensure
preserve  account for  responsible for
  1. There is a change in the law that _____ fair treatment for people of all races.
  2. The ancient Egyptians knew ways to ____ dead bodies from decay.
  3. How do you _____ losing five games in a row?
  4. Our party _____ the interests of the broad masses of the people.
  5. He was a good writer, but he _____ and now just writes for money.

V. Word Formation. (10%)
Direction: Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given word in the bracket.
1. I found her remarks deeply     .(offend)
2. People in many African countries still suffer from       . (nutrition)
3. There will be a serious _____of skilled labor in the coming decade. (short)
4. His great works of art have ensured his _____ in the last century. (popular)
5. Five years ago she could not have     that her marriage with this actor would end in divorce. (see)

VI. Translation. (25’)
Directions: Translate each of the following sentences into English.

  1. 幸好附近有家医院,我们立即把他送到了那里.
  2. 他决心继续他的实验,不过这次他将用另一种办法来做.
  3. 她读这部小说时,不禁想起了她在农村度过的那五年.
  4. 我们认为他不能在一刻钟内走完那段距离,但他却成功地做到了这一点。
  5. 他们已安排好让我们明天去游览长城,我相信我们在那儿一定会玩得很开心。


Key to paper 11

Part I:
1-5: CACCA   6—10 CDDDB    

Part II:
1-5: AADCB  6-10: AABBD  11-15: ADCAB

Part III:
1-5: DCBCB   6-10:  CDCDD  11-15:CCACB

Part IV:
1. ensures   2. preserve   3. account for   4. stands for   5. sold out

Part V:
1. offensive   2. malnutrition   3. shortage   4. popularity   5. foreseen

Part IV:
1. Fortunately there was a hospital nearby and we took him there at once.
2.He is determined to continue his experiment but this time he’ll do it another way.
3. When she read the novel, she couldn’t help thinking the five years she had spent in the countryside.
4. We didn’t think he could cover the distance in a quarter of an hour, but he succeeded in doing it.
5. They’ve arranged for us to visit the Great Wall tomorrow. I’m sure we’ll have a good time there. (we’ll enjoy ourselves there)




Test 12参考答案
I. Vocabulary and Grammar. (10%)
Direction: There are 10 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
1. Jane was in low spirits because her throat infection left her very _____ and made her solo at the party impossible.
A. ill   B. hoarse   C. silent   D. speechless

2. The little girl could not ____ the temptation of the piece of chocolate.
A. consist   B. persist   C. insist   D. resist

3. In England turkey is ____ eaten on Christmas Day.
A. occasionally   B. traditionally   C. specially  D. specifically

4. Educational reforms in the 1980’s ____ compulsory education to 9 years.
A. expanded   B. stretched   C. widened   D. extended

5. The police had a hard time discovering the ____ of a secret hiding place used by the smugglers.
A. spot   B. scene   D. site   D. location

6.----- My God! I have to walk home now, for I just missed the bus.
----- That's too bad. You ______it had you set out a bit earlier.
A. should have caught.    B. had caught  C. would have caught.    D. could catch

7.More than one teacher _______told him it is important that he learn English well if he _______abroad.
A. had; will go   B. has; wants to go    C. has; want to go   D. have; shall go

8.----- Do you see why he hasn't turned up yet?
----- Sorry, I don't know _______.
A. what the matter is    B. how matters stood   C. what is the matter   D. how is the matter

9.----- Where's John, do you know?
----- Oh, _____to hospital.
A. he's taken   B. he'll be taken  C. he's been taken   D. he'll take

10.----- _______is your English teacher?
----- The one in red.
A. who   B. which     C. what    D. where

II. Cloze. (15%)
Direction: Decide which of the choice given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
The meaning of time differ in different parts of the world.Thus,__1_ arise between people from culture that treat time differently. Promptness is valued _2__ in American life. For example, if people are not prompt, they may be regard as impolite __3_ not fully responsible. In the US, no one would __4_ of keeping a business associate waiting for an hour. It would be too impolite,_5__ equal meet, a person who is five minutes late is expected _6__ a short apology.__7_ he is less than five minutes late, he will say a few words of explanation, but perhaps he will not complete the sentence.
This _8__ of treating time is quite different from _9__ of several other cultures. This _10__ to explain the _11__ experience of a certain agriculturist from the United States,__12_ a duty in another country. After what seemed to him a suitable _13__ period, he _14__ that he would like to call _15__ the minister of agriculture. For various reasons the suggested time did not suit the minister; there were indirect indications that the time was not yet suitable.
1) A understanding    B misunderstanding    C believing    D belief 
2) A lowly    B slowly    C immediately    D highly 
3) A but    B yet    C or else    D or 
4) A consider    B suppose    C think    D like 
5) A Since    B When    C While    D That 
6) A making    B to make    C made    D have made 
7) A Though    B However    C If    D as though 
8) A practice    B process    C manner    D way 
9) A those    B which    C want    D that 
10) A saves    B helps    C serves    D aids 
11) A happy    B fortunate    C lucky    D unfortunate 
12) A attributed    B assigned    C distributed    D named 
13) A waiting    B tried    C waited    D trying 
14) A announced    B declare    C published    D reported 
15) A on    B out    C about    D up 

III. Reading comprehension (30%)
Direction: In this section there are three passages followed by 15 questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet.
Passage 1
Scientists find that hard-working people live longer than average men and women. Career women are healthier than housewives. Evidence shows that the jobless are in poorer health than jobholders. An investigation shows that whenever the unemployment.
Why is work good for health? It is because work keeps people busy away from loneliness. Researches show that people feel unhappy, worried and lonely when they have nothing to do. Instead, the happiest are those who are busy. Many high achievers who love their careers feel that they are happiest when they are working hard. Work serves as a bridge between man and reality. By work people come into with each other. By collective activity they find friendship and warmth. This is helpful to health. The loss of work means the loss of everything. It affects man spiritually and makes him ill.
Besides, work gives one a sense of fulfillment and a sense of achievement. Word makes one feel his value and status in society. When a writer finishes his writing or a doctor successfully operates on a patient or a teacher sees his students grow, they are happy beyond words.
From the above we can come to the conclusion that the more you work the happier and healthier you will be. Let us work hard and study and live a happy and healthy life.
1.The underlined word “average” in Paragraph I means ______.
A. healthy    B. lazy    C. ordinary    D. poor

2.The reason why housewives are not as healthy as career women is that ______.
A. housewives are poorer than career women
B. housewives have more children than career women
C. housewives have less chance to communicate with others
D. housewives eat less food than career women

3. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to Paragraph 2?
A. Busy people have nothing to do at home.
B. High achievers don't care about their families.
C. There is no friendship and warmth at home.
D.A satisfying job helps to keep one healthy.

4.We can infer from the passage that those who do not work _____.
A. are likely to live a shorter life
B. will lose everything at home
C. can live as long as those who work
D. have more time to make new friends

5.The best title for this passage may be _____.
A. People Should Find a Job
B. Working Hard Is Good for Health
C. People Should Make More Friends by Work
D. The Loss of Word Means the Loss of Everything
Passage 2
A study of art history might be a good way to learn more about a culture than is possible to learn in general history classes. Most typical history courses concentrate on politics, economics and war. But art history focuses on much more than this because art reflects not only the political values of a people, but also religious beliefs, emotions and psychology. In addition, information about the daily activities of our ancestors can be provided by art. In short, art expresses the essential qualities of a time and a place, and a study of it clearly offers us a deeper understanding than can be found in most history books.
In history books, objective information about the political life of a country is presented; that is, facts about politics are given, but opinions are not expressed. Art, on the other hand, is subjective: it reflects emotions and opinions. The great Spanish painter Francisco Goya was perhaps the first truly “political” artist. In his well-known painting The Third of May, 1808, he criticized the Spanish government for its abuse of power over people.
In the same way, art can reflect a culture's religious beliefs. For hundreds of years in Europe, religious art had been almost the only type of art that existed. Churches and other religious buildings were filled with paintings that described people and stories from the Bible. Although most people couldn't read, they could still understand the Bible stories in the pictures on church walls. By contrast, one of the main characteristics of art in the Middle East was (and still is) its absence of human and animal images. This reflects the Islamic belief that statues are not holy.
6. More can be learned about a culture from a study of art history than general history because ___.
A. art history shows us nothing but the political values
B. general history only focuses on politics
C. art history gives us an insight into the essential qualities of a time and a place
D. general history concerns only religious beliefs, emotions and psychology

7. Art is subjective in that _____.
A. a personal and emotional view of history is presented through it
B. it only reflects people's anger or sadness about social problems
C. it can easily arouse people's anger about their government
D. artists were or are religious, who reflect only the religious aspect of the society

8. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
A. In history books political views of people are entirely presented.
B. Francisco Goya expressed his religious belief in his painting The Third of May, 1808
C. In the Middle East, you can hardly find animal or human figures on palaces or other building.
D. For centuries in Europe, painters had only painted on walls of churches or other religious buildings.

9 The passage mainly discusses _____.
A. the development of art history
B. he difference between general history and art history
C. what we can learn from art
D. the influence of artists on art history

10. It can be concluded from the passage that _____.
A. Islamic artists only paint images of plants, flowers or objects in their paintings
B. it is more difficult to study art history than general history
C. a history teacher must be quite objective
D. artists painted people or stories from the Bible to hide their political beliefs
 Passage 3
Blind people can “see” things by using other parts of their bodies. This fact may help us to understand our feelings about color. If blind people can sense color differences, then perhaps we, too, are affected by color unconsciously。
Manufacturers have discovered by experience that sugar sells. Badly in green wrappings, that blue foods are considered unpleasant, and that cosmetics should never be packaged in brown. These discoveries have grown into a branch of color psychology.
Color psychology now finds application in everything from fashion to decoration. Some of our preferences are clearly psychological. Dark blue is the color of the night sky and therefore associated with calm, while yellow is a day color with associations of energy and incentive(刺激). For a primitive man, activity during the day meant hunting and attacking, while he soon saw red as the color of blood and anger and the heat that came with effort. And green is associated with passive defense and self-protection.
Experiments have shown that colors, partly because of their psychological associations, also have a direct psychological effect. People exposed to bring red show an increase in breath, in heartbeat and in blood pressure; red is exciting. Similar exposure to pure blue has exactly the opposite effect; it is a calming color. Because of its exciting meaning, red is chosen as the signal for danger, but closer analysis shows that a vivid yellow can produce a more basic state of alarm. So fire engines and ambulances in some advanced communities are now rushing around in bright yellow colors that stop the traffic dead.
11. Our preferences for certain colors are _______ according to the passage.
A. associated with the time of the day
B. dependent on our personalities
C. are linked with our ancestors
D. partly due to psychological factors

12. If people are exposed to bright red, which of the following things does NOT happen?
A. They breathe faster.
B. They feel satisfied.
C. Their blood pressure rises.
D. Their hearts beat faster.

13. Which of the following statements if NOT true according to the passage?
A. Color probably has an effect on us which we are not conscious of.
B. Yellow fire engines have caused many bad accidents in some advanced communities.
C. People exposed to pure blue start to breathe more slowly.
D. The psychology of color is of some practical use.

14. Which of the following statements if TRUE according to the passage?
A. Manufacturers often sell sugar in green wrapping.
B. Dark blue bring people the feeling of being energetic.
C. Primitive people associated heat and anger with red.
D. Green and yellow are associated with calm and passive defense.

15. Which of the following could be the most suitable title for the passage?
A. The Branch of Color Psychology
B. Color and Its Meanings
C. The Practical Use of Color Psychology
D. Color and Feelings.

IV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. (10%)

break away   extend   adopt  tease
show up  slug   establish
  1. We will eventually ____ the road as far as the station.
  2. This extremist faction _____ from the main party in 1979.
  3. They have ____ a conciliatory attitude towards the rebels.
  4. At school the other children always ____ me because I was fat.
  5. The unexpected riots ____ the deficiencies in police training.

V. Word Formation. (10%)
Direction: Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given word in the bracket.
1. ' _____ is always with us; we always want to do things we shouldn't do.'
said the priest.  (tempt)
2. Her voice, coming from the darkness, was young and _____.  (question)
3. There was an ______ silence as everyone waited for his news.   (expect)
4. The quarrel led to a compete _____ between her and her family. (estrange)                                                        
5. I am not a heavy drinker, but I am fond of the bottle and drink a little _____. (occasion)

VI. Translation. (25’)
Directions: Translate each of the following sentences into English.
1. 我提议咱们会后马上去办公室找史密斯教授,邀请他参加我们的英语晚会。
2. 彼得的数学不好,但要说到体育,他却是班上最好的。
3. 史密斯医生从窗口望出去,突然看到一个年轻人正向他的诊所奔来。
4. 她走向我,把头靠在我的肩膀上。我轻轻地抚摸着她的头发,惟恐一开口说话,她就会突然跑开。
5. 我们偶然想出的那个计划虽然耗费时间和金钱,但却能帮助他改过自新,彻底同犯罪分子分道扬镳。


Key to paper 12  

Part I:
1-5: BCBDD  6-10: CBCCB

Part II:
1-5: BDDCB   6-10: BCDDB   11-15: DBAAA

Part III:
1-5: CCDAB   6-10: CACBC   11-15: ABBCD

Part IV:
1. extend  2. broke away  3. adopted  4. teased  5. showed up

Part V:
1. temptation  2. questioning  3. expectant  4. estrangement  5. occasionally

Part VI:
1.  I propose that we go to find Prof. Smith in his office after the meeting and invite him to our English evening.
2. Peter is not good at maths, but when it comes to sports, he is the best in the class.
3. Look out of the window, Dr. Smith caught sight of a young man running towards his clinic.
4. She came over to me, and buried her head in my shoulder. I stroke her hair, lightly, afraid that she will bolt if I say a word.
5. The plan we hit upon is time-consuming and costly, but it can help him turn over a new leaf and break away from those criminals. 



Test 13参考答案
I. Vocabulary and Grammar. (10%)
Direction: There are 10 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or
phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence.
Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
1. Our main concern is to _____ the living standard of the people.
A. raise   B. rise    C. arise   D. arouse

2. All goods are delivered free of _____.
A. price   B. tax   C. charge   D. fare

3. I cannot see you tomorrow. I have a dental _____.
A. appointment   B. date   C. interview   D. meeting.

4. She was _____ hurt by what he said about her.
A. much   B. badly   C. slightly   D. terribly

5. I am tired of his _____ words.
A. blank   B. hollow   C. spacious   D. vacant

6.----- John, may I ask you a favour?
----- ______
A. I’m sorry, but why?     B. Sure, what is it?  
C. Yes, you could.        D. I’d love to, and I’m busy.

7.Where was it _____the road accident happened yesterday?
A. when   B. that     C. which    D. how

8.______you choose, make sure that it is a good one.
A. What    B. Wherever    C. Whichever    D. Which

9.He suggested the sports meet be _______because of the bad weather.
A. put away   B. put up     C. put down   D. put off

10.I didn't manage to work out the problem _______the teacher had explained how.
A. until   B. unless    C. when     D. before

II. Cloze. (15%)
Direction: Decide which of the choice given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
I have always found country life most __1_.The city ,a place for business is only to be visited; it is not an ideal place for permanent residence. People may say that the city can provide you with the best __2_ life can offer.
Your friends are always _3__ for an informal chat or an evening’s entertainment. The _4__ exhibitions, films or plays are always within easy reach. Shopping ,too, is always a pleasure. But what _5__ the hustle and bustle of city like? The city dweller never has a moment for peace; he is always__6_. And what about the noise and pollution of the city? Day and night the city is in uproar with its unceasing traffic. The air is polluted _7__ poisonous gases emitted by the smokestacks of factories. The water supply is tainted with impurities that are harmful to the human body. The city is indeed not a place to live in.
Country life is in many respects superior __8_ city life. For one thing , the people there are friendly. People are acquainted with one __9_.You can never _10__ receive a friendly nod or a kind word from anyone you chance to meet. In the city people who live in the same _11__ are often strangers to one another. The air in the country is fresh and pure. Air pollution is a thing _12__ of there. You live a healthy life in the open air. Life goes on in a _13__ way and you don’t have to hurry to catch a bus or travel in a crowed bus with people _14__ like sardines. Gardening and fishing will be pleasant pastimes. Reading a book _15__ the warm fireside will be another pleasant pastime on a cold winter night. Life in the country is indeed simple and pleasant.
1) A enjoyable    B exciting    C experienced    D unpleasant 
2) A where    B when    C what    D who 
3) A wanted    B wanting    C available    D enjoyable 
4) A latest    B kindest    C richest    D poorest 
5) A of    B about    C if    D should 
6) A in a moment   B at the moment   C in a hurry   D in a line 
7) A in    B with    C of    D within 
8) A than    B to    C over    D for 
9) A another    B other    C what else    D the others 
10) A expected to    B want to   C fail to    D plan to 
11) A apartment    B school    C room    D city 
12) A hearing    B unhearing    C heard    D unheard 
13) A leisurely    B easily    C conveniently    D effectively 
14) A fighting    B fought    C packing    D packed 
15) A behind    B by    C in    D on 

III. Reading comprehension (30%)
Direction: In this section there are three passages followed by 15questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet.
Passage one
Social change is more likely to occur in societies where there is a mixture of different kinds of people than in societies where people are similar in many ways. The simple reason for this is that there are more different ways of looking at things present in the first kind of society. There are more ideas, more disagreements in interest, and more groups and organizations with different beliefs. In addition, there is usually a greater worldly interest and greater tolerance in mixed societies. All these factors tend to promote social change by opening more areas of life to decision. In a society where people are quite similar in many ways, there are fewer occasions for people to see the need or the opportunity for change because everything seems to be the same. And although conditions may not be satisfactory, they are at least customary and undisputed.
    Within a society, social change is also likely to occur more frequently and more readily in the material aspects of the culture than in the non-material, for example, in technology rather than in values; in what has been learned later in life rather than what was learned early; in the less basic and less emotional aspects of society than in their opposites; in the simple elements rather than in the complex ones; in form rather than in substance; and in elements that are acceptable to the culture rather than in strange elements.
    Furthermore, social change is easier if it is gradual. For example, it comes more readily in human relations on a continuous scale rather than one with sharp dichotomies. This is one reason why change has not come more quickly to Black Americans as compared to other American minorities, because of the sharp difference in appearance between them and their white counterparts.
 1.The passage is mainly discussing __________ .
    A. the necessity of social change
    B. certain factors that determine the ease with which social changes occur
    C. two different societies
    D. certain factors that promote social change

2.______ is one of the factors that tend to promote social change.
A. Joint interest
    B. Different points of view
    C. Less emotional people
    D. Advanced technology
3.According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?
    A. Social change tends to meet with more difficulty in basic and emotional aspects of society.
    B. Disagreement with and argument about conditions tend to slow down social change.
    C. Social change is more likely to occur in the material aspect of society.
    D. Social change is less likely to occur in what people learned when they were young.
4.The expression "greater tolerance"(paragraph 1) refers to _____ .
    A. "greater willingness to accept social change"
    B. "quicker adaptation to changing circumstances"
    C. "more respect for different beliefs and behavior"
    D. "greater readiness to agree to different opinions and ideas"

5.Social change is less likely to occur in a society where people are quite similar in many ways because ________ .
    A. people there have got so accustomed to their conditions that they seldom think it necessary to change
    B. people there have identical needs that can be satisfied without much difficulty
    C. people there are easy to please
    D. people there are less disputed
Passage two
"Culture shock" occurs as result of total immersion in a new culture. It happens to "people who have been suddenly transplanted abroad. "Newcomers may be anxious because they do not speak the language, know the customs, or understand people's behavior in daily life. The visitor finds that "yes" may not always mean "yes", that friendliness does not necessarily mean friendship, or that statements that appear to be serious are really intended as jokes. The foreigner may be unsure as to when to shake hands, when to start conversations, or how to approach a stranger. The notion of "culture shock" helps explain feelings of bewilderment and disorientation. Language problems do not account for all the frustrations that people feel. When one is deprived of everything that was once familiar, such as understanding a transportation system, knowing how to register for university classes, or knowing how to make friends, difficulties in coping with the new society may arise.
"……when an individual enters a strange culture, he or she is like fish out of water. "Newcomers feel at times that they do not belong to and feel alienated from the native members of the culture. When this happens visitors may want to reject everything about the new environment and may glorify and exaggerate the positive aspects of their own culture. Conversely visitors may scorn their native country by rejecting its values and instead choosing to identify with(if only temporarily)the value of the new country. This may occur as an attempt to over-identify with the new culture in order to be accepted by the people in it.
6.The expression "he or she is like fish out of water" suggests ______.
    A. people away from their cultures can hardly survive in a new culture
    B. a fish can not survive without water
    C. people away from their culture experience mental isolation
    D. people away from their culture have difficulties in new environment
7.In order to identify with the new environment, some people may ______.
    A. give an exaggerated picture of their own country
    B. criticize the positive aspects of their own county
    C. abandon their original beliefs
    D. accept a temporary set of values

8.Which of the following statements is true according to the author?
    A. Perplexity results in culture shock.
    B. A typical symptom of cultural shock is confusion.
    C. Culture shock is the explanation of anxiety.
    D. Culture shock happens to foreign students only.
9.Newcomer may worry about ______.
    A. their ignorance of the alien customs
    B. their knowledge of "Yes" in the native language
    C. their understanding of friendship
    D. their control of their behavior

10.When the foreign visitor is immersed in new problems he finds hard to cope with ,he is most likely to feel ______.
    A. uninsured
    B. deprived
    C. alienated
    D. baffled

Passage three
No one knows exactly how many disabled people there are in the world, but estimates suggest the figure is over 450million. The number of disabled people in India alone is probably more than double the total population of Canada.
    In the united Kingdom, about one in ten people have some disability. Disability is not just something that happens to other people: as we get older, many of us will become less mobile, hard of hearing or have failing eyesight.
    Disablement can take many forms and occur at any time of life. Some people are born with disabilities. Many others become disabled as they get older. There are many progressive disabling diseases. The longer time goes on, the worse they become. Some people are disabled in accidents. Many others may have a period of disability in the form of a mental illness. All are affected by people's attitude towards them.
    Disabled people face many physical barriers. Next time you go shopping or to work or visit friends, imagine how you would manage if you could not get up steps, or on to buses and trains. How would you cope if you could not see where you were going or could not hear the traffic? But there are other barriers: prejudice can be even harder to break down and ignorance inevitably represents by far the greatest barrier of all. It is almost impossible for the able-bodied to fully appreciate what the severely disabled go through, so it is important to draw attention to these barriers and show that it is the individual person and their ability, not their disability, which counts.
11. The first paragraph points out that______.
A. there are many disabled people in the world
B. the number of disabled people in India is the greatest
C. India has much more disabled people that Canada
D. it is impossible to get an exact figure of the world's disabled people

12.The key word in paragraph 4 is _____.
A. disability
B. ignorance
C. prejudice
D. barriers

13.The last word of the passage "counts" most probably means_____.
A. is most important
 B. is considered
 C. is included
 D. is numbered

14.Which of the following statements is not true?
A. even the able-bodied many lose some of their body functions when they get older.
B. there are about 10 percent disabled persons in the UK.
C. the whole society should pay due attention to the barriers faced by the disabled people
D. there still exists prejudice against the disabled which results mainly from ignorance

15.It can be concluded from the passage that____.
A. we should try our best to prevent disablement
B. both physical and metal barriers are hard to break down
C. we just take a proper attitude towards the disabled
D. the able-bodies people will never fully understand the disabled

IV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. (10%)

distinctly  approximately  absolutely  obviously
conversely  previously  graphically
  1. _____, he is telling lies.
  2. The newspaper story could damage their reputation; _____, it will give them a lot of free publicity.
  3. He had not been _____ aware of the case.
  4. The plane will be landing in _____ 15 minutes.
  5. I ____ remember telling you to come to our wedding party.

V. Word Formation. (10%)
Direction: Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given word in the bracket.
1. You have _____ about the attitude of the conservatives. (conception)
2. All his efforts ended in _____. (frustrate)
3. Her _____ from the project was a heavy blow to her. (exclude)
4. At first when people were accustomed to the old system, they just felt _____ with the economic reform. (illusion)
5. I always go to ____ o Friday. (confess)

VI. Translation. (25’)
Direction: Translate each of the following sentences into English.
1. 煤矿工人们决定为争取更好的工作条件举行罢工, 令人高兴的是,老板最终还是屈服了。

Key to paper 13
Part I:
1-5: ACAAB   6-10: BBCDA

Part II:
1-5: ACCAB     6-10: CBBAC     11-15: ADADB

Part III:
1-5: BBBCA     6-10: CDADC    11-15: ADADC

Part IV:
1. obviously   2. conversely   3. previously   4. approximately   5. distinctly

Part V:

  1. misconception  2. frustration  3. exclusion  4. disillusioned  5. confession

Part VI:
1. Workers of the coalmine decided to go on strike for better working conditions. To their joy, the boss finally gave in to their request.
2. He was busy writing the story all the morning, only breaking off occasionally to have a cup of tea.
3. The teacher tried very hard to drive home to the students that knowing grammar well did not mean having mastered the language.
4. The school requires that teachers are to separate the marked exam papers into passes and failures and make a list of students who fails in the exam.
5. Peter blurted out the answer, which surprised all the people present.


Test 14参考答案
I. Vocabulary and Grammar. (10%)
Direction: There are 10 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or
phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence.
Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
1. She is so _____ that she cried for days when her pet rabbit died.
A. sensitive   B. sensible   C. touched   D. impressive

2. Frank realized fully what he had dreamed about could not _____ have happened in real life.
A. likely   B. certainly   C. doubtfully   D. possibly

3. Chinese dinner usually has seven _____.
A. dishes   B. plates   C. courses   D. meats

4. Though the long-term _____ cannot be predicted, the project has been approved by
the committee.
A. affect    B. effect    C. effort    D. afford

5. This case is quite _____ today with the great development of science and technology. 
A. common    B. general    C. simple    D. alike

6. _____ the dog, we should have reached our destination in time.
A. Because of    B. In spite of    C. But for    D. In case of

7. Lucy changed her major from physics to computer, _____.
A. with hopes to be able to locate employment more easily
B. hoping she can easily get a job
C. with the hope for the ability to find a better job
D. hoping to find a job more easily 

8. That tree looked as if it _____ for a long time.
A. hasn't watered        B. didn't watered
C. hadn't been watered    D. wasn't watered

9. One must live in the United States for five years in order to _____ citizenship.
A. appeal to    B. accept    C. approve of    D. apply for 

10. Can you tell me _____ ?
A. who is that gentlemen B. that gentleman is who 
C. who that gentleman is D. whom is that gentle man

II. Cloze. (15%)
Direction: Decide which of the choice given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
Ludwig Van Beethoven, a major composer of the nineteenth century, overcame many _1__ problems to achieve artistic greatness. 
Born in Bonn, Germany, in 1770, he first studied music _2__ the court organist, Gilles Vander Eeden. His father was excessively strict and given to heavy drinking. When his mother died, Beethoven, then a young man, was __3_ guardian of his two younger brothers. Appointed deputy court organists to Christian Gottlob Neefe at a surprisingly early age in 1782, Beethoven also __4_ the harpsichord and the Viola. In 1792 he was sent to Vienna __5_ his patron, court Ferdinated Waldstein, to study music under Haydn. 
Beethoven __6_ unmarried. Because of irregular payment from his publishers and erratic support __7_ his patrons, he was troubled by financial worries throughout his adult life. Continually plagued by _8__ health, he developed an ear infection which _9__ to his tragic deafness in 1819. 
In _10__ of this handicap, however, he continued to write music. He completed mature masterpieces of great musical depth; three piano sonatas, four string quarters, the Missa Solemins, and the 9th Symphony. He died in 1872.His life was marked by a passionate dedication __11_ independence. 
Nothing that Beethoven often __12_ into fits of rage, Goethe once said__13_ him," I am astonished by his talent, but he is unfortunately an altogether untamed personality." _14__ Beethoven’s personality may have been untamed, his music shows great discipline and control ,and this is _15__ we remember him best. 
1) A personal    B himself    C private    D own 
2) A by    B within    C with    D for 
3) A sent    B send    C name    D named 
4) A played    B play    C playing    D to play 
5) A by    B on    C in    D from 
6) A reminded    B remarked    C remanded    D remained 
7) A from    B on    C under    D between 
8) A good    B worse    C illness    D ill 
9) A led    B caused    C leads    D caused 
10) A despite    B spite    C although    D though 
11) A of    B on    C to    D with 
12) A flew    B fly    C came    D come 
13) A with    B for    C to    D of 
14) A in spite of    B although    C however    D since 
15) A how    B when    C where    D who 

III. Reading comprehension (30%)
Direction: In this section there are three passages followed by 15questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet.
Passage one
Natives and other people used to living in the tropics can stand heat much better than newcomers. Similarly, among troops stationed in hot areas casualties from heatstroke are always highest among recent arrivals. Obese persons are particularly endangered by heat, and the rate of heat ailments among overweight people is three to five times as high as among the slim.
Even in outer space, with its very low temperatures, heat problems can occur. Space capsules and space suits have to be conditioned to keep a careful balance between the heat gained from the sun, the heat and moisture produced by the metabolism (新陈代谢) of crew members, and the heat lost into space. When this balance fails, the results can be quite unpleasant. This was the case during astronaut Richard Gordon’s space walk on the Gemini II mission in 1966. Temperatures in his suit rose to 43°C, or nearly 110°F. The relative humidity in his suit rose to 100 percent, or saturation (饱和状态), from moisture produced by perspiration and breathing. This environment caused physical deterioration. Gordon’s pulse rate rose to 180 beats per minute and he was unable to perform simple tasks. For a time his situation was dangerous. Only a superbly conditioned man could have survived.
1. The theme of this selection is the__________.
A.  physical effects of heat
B.  problems of space travel
C.  balance between heat and moisture
D.   history of heat problems 

2. In a hot country, the person least likely to be affected by the heat would be a__________.
A.  obese soldier
B.  fat astronaut
C.  slender native
D.  thin vacationer

3. The effects of heat can include__________.
A.  heatstroke
B.  change in pulse rate
C.  inability to perform simple tasks
D.   All of the above

4. The moisture inside Gordon’s space suit came from__________.
A.  his own body
B.  other crew members
C.  the fog and rain
D. water used to cool his suit

5. What is the most important conclusion to be drawn?
A.  Heat problems in outer space are greater than those on earth.
B.  The relative humidity in outer space is usually about 100 percent.
C.  Good physical condition is an important factor in withstanding heat.
D.   Scientists use the centigrade scale to measure temperatures.

Passage two
Most young people enjoy some form of physical activity. It may be walking, cycling or swimming, or in winter, skating or skiing. It may be game of some kind football, hockey, golf, or tennis. It may be mountaineering.
    Those who have a passion for climbing high and difficult mountains are often looked upon with astonishment. Why are men and women willing to suffer cold and hardship, and to take risks on high mountains? This astonishment is caused probably by the difference between mountaineering and other forms of activity to which men give their leisure.
Mountaineering is a sport and not a game. There are no man-made rules, as there are for such games as golf and football. There are , of course, rules of different kind which it would be dangerous to ignore, but it is this freedom from man-made rules that makes mountaineering attractive to many people. Those who climb mountains are free to use their own methods.
If we compare mountaineering and other more familiar sports, we might think that one big difference is that mountaineering is not a 'team game'. We should be mistaken in this. There are, it is true, no 'matches' between 'teams' of climbers, but when climbers are on a rock face linked by a rope on which their lives may depend, there is obviously teamwork.
    The mountain climber knows that he may have to fight forces that are stronger and more powerful than man. He has to fight the forces of nature. His sport requires high mental and physical qualities.
    A mountain climber continues to improve in skill year after year. A skier is probably past his best by the age of thirty, and most international tennis champions are in their early twenties. But it is not unusual for man of fifty or sixty to climb the highest mountains in Alps. They may take more time than younger men, but they probably climb with more skill and less waste of effort, and their certainly experience equal enjoyment.
6.Mountaineering involves____.
A. cold
B. hardship
C. physical risk
D. all of the above

7.The difference between a sport and a game has to do with the kind of _____.
A. activity
B. rules
C. uniform
 D. participants

8.Mountaineering can be called a team sport because_____.
A. it is an Olympic event
B. teams compete against each other
C. mountaineers depend on other while climbing
D. there are 5 climbers on each team

9.Mountaineers compete against______.
A. nature
B. each other
C. other teams
D. international standards

10.Choose the best title for the passage_______.
A. mountaineering is different from golf and football
B. mountaineering is more attractive than other sports
C. mountaineering
D. mountain climbers

Passage three
Kite flying is the sport of sending up into the air, by means of the wind , a light frame covered with paper, plastic or cloth. The frame can be one of many different shapes and is attached to a long string held in the hand or wound on a drum. Kites have a long history of practical application and many different types of kite have been developed to serve various purposes.
    The ancient Chinese used bird-kites to carry ropes across rivers and valleys. The current folding kite which will dive excitingly is an improved type of such a kite. With its long flat body and single pair of bird-like wings, it looks just like a large bird in the air. The modern version is usually made of tissue-paper rather than the traditional silk.
Man-lifting kites were developed in ancient times, again by the Chinese, for getting information from walled cities and army camps. In fact, as recently as world 2, German U-boats flew kites from their towers to lift people into the air to watch the land. These kites, which are no longer in existence, were made of light-weight cloth. They were much larger and stronger than the Chinese ones. Their design, however, was simply that of the cutter kite. Smaller in size, this type of kite is still very popular as a toy for children, being easy to make with a diamond-shaped frame, no wings and brown-paper covering.
Box-kites are another type of kite found in toy shops today. The first box-kite, named for its box-like body, was developed in the nineteenth century to test theories of flight and this type of cotton-covered kite greatly assisted the success of early aero plane. These kites are the ancestors of a heavier version of the box-kite, which consists of two main sections, placed side by side. Developed for the peacetime purpose of fishing in strong sea wind, it is the only modern kite described which has practical value . A long-lasting plastic material has to be used for this kite, which carries fishing lines.
11.The ancient Chinese bird-kites were usually made of light frames covered with_____.
A. silk
B. paper
C. cloth
D. plastic

12.The kites used by German U-boats in would war 2 for the military purpose were made of _____.
A. brown paper
B. plastic material
C. light-weight cloth
D. traditional silk

13.The ancient Chinese man-lifting kites were used_____.
A. to carry ropes across rivers and valleys
B. for the military purpose
C. as toy for children
D. for fishing in strong sea wind

14.Which of the following statements is not true?
A. The frame of a kite is attached to long string held in the hand or wound on drum.
B. The ancestor of the double box-kite.
C. The cutter kite has a diamond-shaped body but no wings.
D. The current folding kite is developed to test theories of flight.

15.The best title for this passage may be______.
A. The ancestors of modern kites
B. The history of the Chinese kites
C. different types and uses of kites
D. the different between ancient and modern kites.

IV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. (10%) 

staple  mentality  spectrum  complacent
profound  label  despair

1. After so many wins we grew ____ and thought we’d never lose; however, of course we lost the very next match. 
2. I cannot understand the ____ of anyone who says such callous things.
3. These people live on a _____ diet of rice and vegetables.
4. He is the _____ of his teacher because he refuses to study.
5. The incident made a _____ impression on me.

V. Word Formation. (10%)
Direction: Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given word in the bracket.
1. He was completely ____ that he was being watched. (aware)
2. We have to make some major _____ to our scheme. (adjust)
3. Why does the rise of English as global language cause feeling of _____ of some of us? (uneasy)
4. I don’t think there are any _____ problems in this project. (surmount)
5. Please inform us of your decision and we will act _____. (according)

VI. Translation. (25’)
Direction: Translate each of the following sentences into English.
1. 我并不确切地知道他申请的贷款(loan)银行是否会给。
2. 那位名演员似乎很乐意在剧中扮演一位次要角色。
3. 接受这份工作就得经常在周末上班,但约翰并不在意。
4. 无论与会的人是否会讲英语,全球的商务会议或谈判都使用英语进行
5. 为了你的健康和家庭,你必须少抽烟少喝酒;否则,你的身体会每况愈下,令你的家人为你担心。



Key to paper 14

Part I
 1-5:  ADCBA   6-10: CDCDC

Part II
1-5: ACDAA    6-10: DADAB    11-15: CADBA

Part III
1-5: ACDAC    6-10: DBCAC   11-15: ACBDC

Part IV:
1. complacent   2. mentality   3. staple   4. despair   5. profound

Part V
1. unaware   2. adjustment  3. uneasiness  4. insurmountable   5. accordingly

Part VI
1. I don’t know for sure whether the bank will grant him the loan he has applied for.
2. That famous actor seemed content to play a minor part in the play.
3. To take this job would involve working on weekends frequently, but John didn’t mind.
4. Business meetings and negotiations around the globe are held in English, regardless of whether anyone present can speak English.
5. For the sake of your health and your family, you should cut down on smoking and drinking. Otherwise, you will be getting worse day by day, which may worry your family members.




Test 15参考答案
I. Vocabulary and Grammar. (10%)
Direction: There are 10 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or
phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence.
Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
1. Present at the Christmas party were the two princesses and their ____ husbands and the Duke of Edinburgh.
A. respectable    B. respectful    C. respective    D. respected

2. Petrol is manufactured from the ____ oil we take out of the ground.
A. crude   B. raw   C. rough   D. original

3. Please ____ my best wishes to John.
A. convert    B. convey    C. survey    D. express

4. The bus is so crowded that there is _____ sufficient room for you.
A. rarely    B. scarcely    C. seldom    D. quite

5. Although my father has a ____ hearing, he still refuses to wear a hearing aid.
A. defective     B. diffident     C. deficient    D. different

6. Only in this way _____ progress in your English.
A. you make           B. can you make 
C. you be able to make   D. will you able to make

7. It's a fine day. Let's go fishing, _____ ?
A. won't we    B. will we    C. don't we    D. shall we

8. The building _____ roof we can see is the Western Church.
A. its    B. which    C. whose    D. who's

9. The first software of Windows _____ by Bill Gates became very popular with computer lovers immediately. 
A. made    B. had made    C. was made    D. had been made

10. For miles around me there was nothing but a desert, without a single plant or tree _____.
A. on earth     B. at a distance     C. in sight     D. in place

II. Cloze. (15%)
Direction: Decide which of the choice given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
We know we have to read "between the lines" to get the most out of anything. Making up is also a useful practice,_1__ you shouldn’t mark up a book which isn’t yours. Librarian who_2__ you books expect you to keep them clean, and you should. If you decide that I am right about the usefulness of marking books, you will have to buy them. 
There are two ways in _3__ one can own a book. The first is the property right you establish by _4__ it, just as you pay for clothes and furniture. But the act of purchase is only the prelude to possess. Full ownership comes only when you have made it a _5__ of yourself, and the best way _6__ yourself a part of it is by writing in it. An illustration may make the point clear. You buy a beefsteak and transfer it __7_ the butcher’s icebox to you own. But you don’t own the beefsteak in the most important sense until you consume it and get it _8__ your bloodstream. I am arguing that books, too, must be absorbed in tour bloodstream to do you any good. 
There are three kinds of book owners. The first has all the standard sets and best sellers—unread, untouched. The second has a _9__ many books —few of them read__10_, most of them dipped into, but all of them as clean and shiny _11__ the day they were bought. The third has a few books or many—every one of them dog-eared and dilapidated. 
Why is __12_ a book indispensable to reading? First, it keeps you awake. I mean wide_13__. In the second place, reading if it is active, is thinking, and thinking __14_ express itself in words. Finally, writing helps you remember the thought you had, or the thoughts the author _15_. 
1) A but    B although    C and    D so 
2) A borrow    B borrowed    C lend    D lent 
3) A which    B that    C what    D there 
4) A pay for    B pay    C paying    D paying for 
5) A group    B part    C series    D number 
6) A to change    B to make    C making    D changing 
7) A from    B into    C to    D form 
8) A away from    B out of    C into    D under 
9) A great    B large    C big    D greater 
10) A on    B aloud    C through    D about 
11) A when    B which    C before    D as 
12) A marking up   B mark up    C to mark up    D to mark 
13) A wake    B wake up    C awaking    D awake 
14) A tend to    B tends to    C tending to    D tending 
15) A expressing    B to express    C expressed   D to expressing 

III. Reading comprehension (30%)
Direction: In this section there are three passages followed by 15questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet.
Passage one
In the 1900's, American townspeople usually washed and brushed their teeth and combed their hair in the kitchen. Or they kept a water pitcher and a wash basin in their rooms and took care of these things there.
The bathtub was a wash tub filled with water from the stove. If you were small enough you could sit down by drawing your knees to your chest. Otherwise, you washed yourself standing up. Often all the women and girls in the family bathed together. Then the men and boys did. In most families this was Saturday night because Sundays they went to church.
A small number of families did have running water. But that depended on whether there was a water system where they lived and on whether they could afford the plumbing. Some people had bathtubs in their homes as early as 1895. But many others did not have their first bath in a bathtub until 1910 or later when they were fifteen or sixteen years old.
1. In the first paragraph, "took care of" means ""。
A. kept
B. looked after
C. used
D. kept and used

2. In order to use the water from the stove, there be a pipe connecting the tub with the stove.
A. must
B. seemed to
C. needn't
D. should

3. Which of the following statements is true?
A. Males and females in the family took turns using the bathtub.
B. Some bathtubs were big enough for many people to bathe in at the same time.
C. All the women and girls of a family could bathe together standing up in the tub.
D. When several family members bathed together, they did not use the bathtub.

4. Americans owned a bathtub as early as 1895.
A. Many
B. Not all
C. All
D. Few

5. We can infer that the plumbing at that time.
A. cost little
B. was more expensive than a water system
C. was too expensive for every family to afford
D. was not necessary

Passage two
Liberia, the oldest independent Negro state in West Africa, has been struggling for survival ever since its foundation in 1822. Progress has been hampered by constant hostility between the American Negroes whose families returned there in the early 19th century, and the West Africans whose ancestors never left the continent. Though the two groups are of the same race, they are divided by language and outlook and regard each other with deep suspicion creating a conflict which was not foreseen by Liberia's founders.
    In addition, neighboring states, native tribe, disease, and poverty have made life dangerous and difficult. The government has tried desperately, through loans and a trickle of trade, to make ends meet. Anxiety about financial matters lessened somewhat when, in 1910, the United States accepted responsibility for Liberia's survival. However, not until Harvey Firestone, the American rubber king, decided that the United States must produce its own rubber——with Liberia as the site of the rubber plantations——did Liberia have much hope of paying its debts and balancing its budget.
    The rubber industry, founded in the 1920's, and the activity that followed it brought both progress and profit to Liberia. Before that time Liberia had no roads, no mechanical transport and no good port; its people had little education and few tools. Liberians feel that the country is being ruled by rubber. For this reason, the recent discovery of iron ore is important. Liberian leaders are trying to moderate the power of the rubber industry and to establish the country's political and economic independence.
6.Liberia has been in difficulty since its independence mainly because______.
    A. the American negroes do not want to help the country.
    B. there have been constant hostility and suspicion between different tribes in the country.
    C. there haven been constant hostility and suspicion between two groups of the same tribe.
    D. the government has adopted a wrong policy
7."The government has tried desperately, through loans and a trickle of trade, to make ends meet." to make ends meet" means_______.
    B. the government has to borrow money from others
    B. the government has to lend money to others
    C. the government doesn't have to borrow or lend money
    D. the government has either to borrow or to lend money

8.The country's finance began to improve a bit in________.

9.The Liberians’ attitude on to improve a bit in_______.
    A. a total agreement
    B. a total disagreement
    C. a hostility
    D. not a total agreement

10.The best title for this passage is_______.
    A. American Negroes in West Africa
    B. Liberia—— a poor country
    C. Liberia and its development
    D. Liberia ——a country with rich rubber and iron
Passage two
In the United States, it is not customary to telephone someone very early in the morning. If you telephone him early in the day, while he is shaving or having breakfast, the time of the call shows that the matter is very important and requires immediate attention. The same meaning is attached to telephone calls made after 11:00 p.m……If someone receives a call during sleeping hours, he assumes it's a matter of life or death. The time chosen for the call communicates its importance.
    In social life, time plays a very important part. In the U.S.A. guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded if the invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. But it is not true in all countries. In other areas of the world, it may be considered foolish to make an appointment too far in advance because plans which are made for a date more than a week away tend to be forgotten. The meaning of time differs in different parts of the world. Thus, misunderstandings arise between people from cultures that treat time differently. Promptness is valued highly in American life, for example. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible. In the U.S. no one would think of keeping a business associate waiting for an hour , it would be too impolite . A person who is 5 minutes late, he will say a few words of explanation, though perhaps he will not complete the sentence.
11."The same meaning is attached to telephone calls made after 11:00 p.m……" Here " attached" means______
    A. taken
    B. drawn
    C. given
    D. shown
12.Supposing one wants to make a telephone call at dawn, this would mean________.
    A. the matter is important
    B. the matter is somewhat important
    C. the matter requires immediate attention
    D. it is a matter of life and death
13. According to this passage , time plays an important role in _________.
    A. everyday life
    B. school life
    C. communications
    D. private life
14. The best title for this passage is_________.
    A. the voices of time
    B. the importance of time
    C. the importance of an announcement
    D. time and tide wait for no man

15.According to the passage, the author of the article may agree to which of the following statements?
    A. It is appropriate to send your invitation cards three or four days before a dinner party date in U.S.A.
    B. It may be appropriate to send your invitation to your guests three or four days before a dinner party date in some cultures.
    C. It is best for one to make telephone calls at night because it costs much less.
    D. If one is less than 5 minutes late, he has to make a short apology.

IV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. (10%)

mighty   rejoice   escort   break into
hold out   leave out  ecstatic
  1. She ___ in meeting the challenge of her new job.
  2. Several little boats ____ the sailing ship into the harbor.
  3. Few people ___ any hope of finding more survivors.
  4. You have ____ the most important word in this sentence.

5.  The boat struggled desperately in the ____ wave of the river.

V. Word Formation. (10%)
Direction: Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given word in the bracket.

  1. He was described in court as a ____ criminal. (hard)
  2. Sara’s party was a ____ occasion – there were hundreds of people there. (joy)
  3. The Boers would wear the enemies’ uniforms with the intent to ____, and were sometimes really successful. (deception)
  4. It would be too ____ to repair the car. (cost)
  5. This year’s sales figures are very ____. (encourage)

VI. Translation. (25’)
Direction: Translate each of the following sentences into English.
1. 在经济不稳定的年代,我害怕离开这里的保护罩到未知的地方去。
2. 这说明他刚适应一种工作规律就又得转向另一种工作规律,因此在他大部分时间里,休息和工作的效率很低.
3. 在农业繁荣的地区,农业的发展使当地人口的数量大幅度增长。



Key to paper 15

Part I:
1-5: CABBA   6-10: BDCAC

Part II:
1-5: ACADB   6-10: BACAC   11-15: DADBC

Part III:
1-5: DCABC    6-10: CCBDC    11-15: CDCAB

Part IV:
1. rejoiced   2. escorted   3. hold out   4. left out   5. mighty

Part V:
1. hardened    2. joyous   3. deceive   4. costly   5. encouraging 

Part VI:
1. I was scared of leaving the protective bubble of this place for places unknown, during uncertain economic times.
2. This means that no sooner has he got used to one routine than he has to change to another, so that much of his time is spent neither working nor sleeping very efficiently.
3. Agriculture made possible an immense increase in the number of the local population in the regions where it was prospering.
4. Seeing the new President walking into the room, all the people cheered and clapped, and the whole room broke into a sea of great joy.
5. China’s reform, opening up and stability has made positive contributions to peace, stability and prosperity in Asia and the world as a whole. 

Test 16参考答案
I. Vocabulary and Grammar. (10%)
Direction: There are 10 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence.
Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
1. Although it was ____ jewellery, it looked real enough.
A. reproduction    B. copy    C. invention    D. imitation

2. On ____, he regretted his hasty decision.
A. protection    B. organization    C. reflection    D. indication

3. It’s difficult to tell the two brothers apart because they are very _____.
A. alike    B. likely    C. like     D. likewise

4. Our botany professor was a man of _____; we admired him very much.
A. talent    B. scholar    C. appeal    D. instructor

5. There was no news from her husband who was studying in the US; _____, Wang Li went on hoping.
A. furthermore    B. nevertheless    C. but     D. therefore

6. He has no choice but _____ to see him.
A. to go B. go C. going D. goes

7. _____ left before the meeting, it doesn't seem likely that they will come.
A. In such a short time      B. Only such a short time
C. With such a short time    D. Without such a short time

8. I agree with you _____ I agree with Robert.
A. so much    B. as much as    C. too much as    D. as many as

9. Only a few minutes ago, the fish ____ from the cold water of the lake.
A. had been pulled    B. had pulled    C. pulled    D. were pulled

10. ____ his arrival at the meeting, the chairman was warmly greeted.
A. In    B. As    C. On     D. To

II. Cloze. (15%)
Direction: Decide which of the choice given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
Some personal characteristics play a vital role in the development of one’s intelligence. But people fail to realize the importance of cultivating these factors in young people. 
The so-called "non-intelligence factor" include __1_ feelings, will, motivation, interests and habits. After a 30-year follow-up study of 8000 males, American psychologists _2__ that the main cause of disparities in intelligence is not intelligence _3__,but non-intelligence factors including the desire to learn ,will-power and self-confidence. 
Though people all know that one should have definite objectives, a strong will and good learning habits, quite a number of teachers and parents don’t pay much attention to __4_ these factors. 
Some parents are greatly worried __5_ their children fail to do well in their studies. They blame either genetic factors, malnutrition, or laziness, but they never take _6__ consideration these non-intelligence factors. At the same time, some teachers don’t inquire into these, as reason why students do poorly. They simply give them more course and exercises, or _7__ rebuke or ridicule them. After all, these students lose self-confidence. Some of them just feel defeated and give themselves up as hopeless. Others may go astray because they are sick of learning._8__ investigation of more than 1000 middle students in Shanghai showed that 46.5 percent of them were _9__ of learning, because of examination ,36.4 percent lacked persistence, initiative and conscientiousness and 10.3 percent were sick of learning.
It is clear that the lack of cultivation of non-intelligence factors has been a main _10__ to intelligence development in teenagers. It even causes an imbalance between physiological and __11_ development among a few students.
If we don’t start now to strengthen the cultivation of non-intelligence factors, it will not only obstruct the development of the __12_ of teenagers, but also affect the quality of a whole generation. Some experts have put forward _13__ about how to cultivate student’s non-intelligence factors.
First, parents and teachers should _14__ understand teenage psychology. On this basic, they can help them to pursue the objectives of learning ,_15__ their interests and toughening their willpower.
1) A one’s    B their    C his    D her 
2) A came out    B found out    C figured out    D worked out 
3) A in itself    B by itself    C itself    D on its own 
4) A believing    B studying    C cultivating    D developing 
5) A about    B when    C how    D whether 
6) A for    B in    C into    D over 
7) A ever    B even    C still    D more 
8) A the    B an    C another    D and 
9) A afraid    B ahead    C aware    D ashamed 
10) A storage    B tendency    C threat    D obstacle 
11) A intelligent    B characteristic    C psychological    D physical 
12) A intelligence    B diligence    C maturity    D performance 
13) A projects    B warnings    C proposals    D decision 
14) A fully    B greatly    C very    D highly 
15) A insuring    B going    C exceeding    D stimulating 

III. Reading comprehension (30%)
Direction: In this section there are three passages followed by 15questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet.
Passage one
Nowadays, a standard for measuring power has changed. These changes foretell a new standard for measuring power. No longer will a nation's political influence be based solely on the strength of its military forces. Of course, military effectiveness will remain a primary measure of power. But political influence is also closely tied to industrial competitiveness. It's often said that without its military the Soviet Union would really be a third-world nation. The new standard of power and influence that is evolving now places more emphasis on the ability of a country to compete effectively in the economic markets of the world.
America must recognize this new course of events. Our success in shaping world events over the past 40 years has been the direct result of our ability to adapt technology and to take advantage of the capabilities of our people for the purpose of maintaining peace. Our industrial prowess over most of this period was unchallenged. It is ironic that it is just this prowess that has enabled other countries to prosper and in turn to threaten our industrial leadership.
The competitiveness of America's industrial base is an issue bigger than the Department of Defense and is going to require the efforts of the major institutional forces in our society-government, industry, and education. That is not to say that the Defense Department will not be a strong force in the process because we will. But we simply cannot be, nor should we be, looked upon by others as the savior of American industry.
1. Now a nation's political influence depends on _________.
    A. the strength of its military forces
    B. its ability to compete in industry
    C. economic markets
    D. both a and b
2. The Soviet Union was not listed as a third-world nation just because of _________.
    A. its powerful military forces
    B. its vast land
    C. its industrial competitiveness
    D. its contributions to world peace

3. The author indicates that ______ is threatening American political power.
    A. other countries
    B. the declining U.S. industrial base
    C. a new standard for measuring power
    D. less advanced technology
4. America succeeded in shaping world events over past 40 years probably because of ___________.
    A. its ability to adapt technology
    B. its ability to take advantage of the capabilities of its people
    C. its ability to compete in the world markets
    D. both a and b
5. The purpose of writing this article is __________.
    A. to draw the readers' attention to a new standard for measuring power
    B. to demonstrate American political influence in the world
    C. to emphasize that efforts must be made to strengthen the declining U.S. industrial base
    D. to show American industrial prowess

Passage two
The United States is on the verge of losing its leading place in the world's technology. So says more than one study in recent years. One of the reasons for this decline is the parallel decline in the number of U.S. scientists and engineers.
    Since 1976, employment of scientists and engineers is up 85 percent. This trend is expected to continue. However, the trend shows that the number of 22-year-olds——the near term source of future PhDs-is declining. Further adding to the problem is the increased competition for these candidates from other fields-law, medicine, business, etc. While the number of U.S. PhDs in science and engineering declines, the award of PhDs to foreign nationals is increasing rapidly.
    Our inability to motivate students to pursue science and engineering careers at the graduate level is compounded because of the intense demand industry has for bright Bachelor's and Master's degree holders. Too often, promising PH.D. candidates, confronting the cost and financial sacrifice of pursuing their education, find the attraction of industry irresistible.
 6.The U.S. will come to lose its leading place in technology probably because ________.
    A. the number of PH.D. degree holders is declining
    B. the number of scientists and engineers is decreasing
    C. the number of 22-year-ilds is declining
    D. scientists and engineers are not employed
7.The field of science and engineering is facing a competition from ________ .
    A. technology
    B. foreign nationals
    C. such fields as law, medicine and business
    D. postgraduates
8.Large-scale enterprises now need _______.
    A. bright graduates and postgraduates
    B. new inventions
    C. advanced technology
    D. engineers
9.Many promising postgraduates are unwilling to pursue a PH.D. degree because _________.
    A. they are not encouraged to be engaged in science
    B. industry does not require PH.D. holders
    C. they have financial difficulties
    D. they will spend much time and energy completing PH.D.
10.PH.D. candidates "find the attraction of industry irresistible" means that _________.
    A. they find industry is attracting more and more college students
    B. they don't think they can prevent themselves from working for industry
    C. they cannot resist any attraction from all sides
    D. they cannot work for industry any longer

Passage three
As she walked round the huge department store, Edith reflected how difficult it was to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father. She wish that he was as easy to please as her mother, who was always delighted with perfume
    Besides, shopping at this time of the year was a most disagreeable experience :people trod on your toes, poked you with their elbows and almost knocked you over in their haste to get to a bargain ahead of you.
    Partly to have a rest, Edith paused in front of a counter where some attractive ties were on display. "They are real silk," the assistant assured her, trying to tempt her. "Worth double the price." But Edith knew from past experience that her choice of ties hardly ever pleased her father.
    She moved on reluctantly and then quite by chance, stopped where a small crowd of man had gathered round a counter. She found some good quality pipes on sale——and the prices were very reasonable. Edith did not hesitate for long : although her father only smoked a pipe occasionally, she knew that this was a present which was bound to please him.
When she got home, with her small well-chosen present concealed in her handbag, her parents were already at the supper table. Her mother was in an especially cheerful mood, "Your father has at last to decide to stop smoking." She informed her daughter.
11.Edith's father _______.
    A. did not like present
    B. never got present
    C. preferred ties
    D. was difficult to choose a present for
12.The assistant spoke to Edith because she seemed_______.
    A. attractive
    B. interested in ties
    C. tired
    D. in need of comfort
13.Edith stopped at the next counter_________.
    A. purposely
    B. suddenly
    C. unwillingly
    D. accidentally
14.Edith's father smoked a pipe_______.
    A. when he was obliged
    B. on social occasions
    C. from time to time
    D. when he was delighted

15.Shopping was very disagreeable at that time of the year because_______.
    A. customers trod on each other's toes
    B. customers poked each other with their elbows
    C. customers knocked each other
    D. customers were doing their shopping in a great hurry
IV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. (10%)

usher  shape  form  surpass
shrewd  legible  relegate
  1. He was ____ to remote place to do farm work.
  2. The manuscripts unearthed from the tomb are no longer _____.
  3. Her splendid performances _____ all our expectations.
  4. Since family ____ children’s character, Luther encouraged parents to teach children reading and religion.
  5. When we go abroad we’re always being _____ around like a gang of mentally disabled.

V. Word Formation. (10%)
Direction: Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given word in the bracket.
1. They met with the greatest difficulty ________ building the undersea tunnel.  (imagine)
2. This _______ child often has many questions to ask.  (imagine)
3. The story he told was barely ________. (credit)
4. Faced with ______ from other car-makers, Volkswagon decided to develop new models for the market. (compete)
5. The President’s ______ is declining day after day. (popular)

VI. Translation. (25%)
Direction: Translate each of the following sentences into English.
1. 电子商务将会把世界变成一个集提供产品,服务与投资与一体的大型购物中心。
2. 到2010年,发达国家雇员的平均工作时间将有一半以上在家中度过。
3. 彩色玻璃窗将射入的阳光染成各种颜色,洒落在大教堂的一侧地上。
5.当这为老妇人得知她儿子突然死亡的消息,她精神恍惚, 痛哭不止。


Key to paper 16

Part I:
1-5: ACAAB    6-10: ACBAC

Part II:
1-5: ABCCB   6-10: CBBAD   11-15: CACAD

Part III:
1-5: DABDC    6-10: BCADB     11-15: DBDCD

Part IV:
1. relegated   2. legible   3. surpassed   4. shaped   5. ushered  

Part V:
1. imaginable  2. imaginative  3. credible  4. competition   5. popularity 

Part VI:
1. Electronic commence will turn the world into one giant shopping mall for products , services, and investments.
2. By 2010,more than half of the average employees’ working hours in advanced countries(like the United States and the United Kingdom)will be spent at home.
3. The colored glass windows color the sunlight as it enters the building and spills across the floor.
4. The Internet has made it easy for the general public to get information about financial investment.
5. The old woman was all to pieces and kept crying bitterly when she was told of her son's sudden death.








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